Session_5--EOL_440_Fall_2011

Session_5--EOL_440_Fall_2011 - LAWANDSCHOOLS Session5...

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LAW AND SCHOOLS Session 5 Dr. Ali Lewis EOL 448 Fall 2011
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Students’ Constitutional Rights Students and teachers in public schools are  entitled to  select  constitutional rights. Why?
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First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Congress shall make no law respecting an  establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free  exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of  speech, or of the press; or the right of the people  peaceably to assemble, and to petition the  Government for a redress of grievances.
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Freedom of Speech:  Tinker v. Des Moines In  Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District  (1969),  the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that student  expression may be restricted if it can be shown to  “materially and substantially disrupt the work and  discipline of the school.”   In wearing armbands, the petitioners were quiet and  passive. They were not disruptive and did not  impinge upon the rights of others. In light of the  special characteristics of the school environment,  their conduct was within the protection of the Free  Speech Clause of the First Amendment.
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Freedom of Speech further defined:  Bethel v. Fraser In  Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser (1986),  the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the school  board has the authority to prohibit lewd, vulgar,  and offensive speech is well established.   Sexual innuendo-laden speech not  constitutionally protected, the free speech rights  of public school students are not the same as  those of adults and may be restricted.  
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Pickering v. Board of Education, 391 U.S. 563  (1968) Supreme Court:  Teacher has the right to  speak on issues of public importance without  being dismissed
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Session_5--EOL_440_Fall_2011 - LAWANDSCHOOLS Session5...

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