Psychology - Learning - Learning is a relatively enduring...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Learning is a relatively enduring or permanent change in behavior or knowledge that results from previous experience with certain stimuli and responses. The term behavior includes any observable response (fainting, salivating, vomiting). Three Kinds of Learning Classical Conditioning (early 1900s; Ivan Pavlov) - called conditional reflex before - Classical conditioning is a kind of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to produce a response that was originally produced by a different stimulus. - dog salivating when hearing bell ringing after the ringing is associated with food. Operant Conditioning (late 1800s; E. L. Thorndike) - The law of effect says that if some random actions are followed by a pleasurable consequence or reward, such actions are strengthened and will likely occur in the future. - Operant conditioning refers to a kind of learning in which the consequences that follow some behavior increase or decrease the likelihood of that behavior’s occurrence in the future. - cat learned to open cage to get food Cognitive Learning (1960s; Albert Bandura) - Cognitive learning is a kind of learning that involves mental processes, such as attention and memory; may be learned through observation or imitation; and may not involve any external rewards or require the person to perform any observable behaviors. I. Classical Conditioning Step 1: Selecting Stimulus and Respond Neutral Stimulus (NS) – is some stimulus that causes a sensory response, such as being seen, heard, or smelled, but does not produce the reflex being tested. (ex. Tone of bell) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) – is some stimulus that triggers or elicits a physiological reflex, such as salivation or eye blink. (ex. Food)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/16/2011 for the course ACCOUNTANC 506 taught by Professor Mr.reyes during the Spring '11 term at University of the Philippines Diliman.

Page1 / 2

Psychology - Learning - Learning is a relatively enduring...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online