9. odds and sods - Pre-show: Long Live Rock! from Odds &...

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Pre-show: Long Live Rock! from Odds & Sods
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9. Odd and Sods Oxygen isotopes, ice cores, Milankovitch Storms Long Live Rock!
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Ekman Transport and the Ekman Spiral wind blows on water, net flow 90° to wind upwelling: bringing cold, nutrient rich waters up from depth Upwelling
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http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/currents/media/supp_cur04a.html Upwelling Zones Upwelling most intense off western parts of continents (eastern part of ocean basins), though occurs off east coast in summer
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From the COOL room Rutgers’ Coastal Ocean Observatory Lab http://www.thecoolroom.org/ http://marine.rutgers.edu/mrs/research/upwelling.html Upwelling off New Jersey
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El Niño is defined as warmer than normal sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical Pacific ocean that impact global weather patterns; southerly winds off Peru less intense, less upwelling, less fish El Nino: warming in tropical Pacific http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/fgz/science/elnino.php?
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Oceanographic (regional) effects on sea level Normal El Nino
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2009 sea level anomaly: Gulf Stream http://www.aviso.oceanobs.com/es/data/products/auxiliary- products/mdt/comparison-of-global-mdt/index.htmla http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/E astCoastSeaLevelAnomaly_2009.pdf
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Global sea level vary due to oceanography Map shows differences in rates of global rise/fall determined from satellites; trends due to ocean heat changes, primarily El Nino
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Global sea level trends vary inter-annual time scales
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Question Upwelling A) Becomes more intense during an El Nino B) Brings cold, nutrient-rich water from depth C) Does not occur in New Jersey D) Occurs mostly on the western portion of ocean basins E) Is caused by ice Clicker question: upwelling
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Question El Nino (pick the wrong answer) A) Means the Christ Child B) Results from reduction in winds in eastern Pacific C) Affects weather on much of the planet D) Is caused by stronger thermohaline circulation (the conveyor belt) E) reduces/stops upwelling in eastern Pacific Clicker question: El Nino
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Question What is a northeaster ( Nor'easter) A) A storm that rolls up the coast with whose center is just offshore B) A Beantown college that just discontinued football C) Someone from Maine D) Another name for hurricane E) Occur mostly in summer Clicker question: Northeaster
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Coasts and Storms Hurricanes Hurricanes are vast rotating storms, some 500 km (310 mi)
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2011 for the course SEA CHANGE 110 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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9. odds and sods - Pre-show: Long Live Rock! from Odds &...

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