Test III Information

Test III Information - Social Psych Telling you to do...

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Social Psych Telling you to do something is different from saying: “Why don’t we” - Element of request Social influence - Result of being social creatures - Impact thought and/or behavior influence can effect behavior, thought, or both thought and behavior - Ex: 1984 by Orwell shows the ultimate example of social control o Crime to think bad thoughts, individuals can be found guilty of thought crimes. Not allowed to have private opinions o The Party enforces conformity and obedience o Idea of “double think” so that they can readily accept contradictory information o Ministry of: Truth, Peace - 3 types of social influences: (increasing measures of authoritativeness) o Conformity group standards Has to do with maintaining or changing behavior to fit with some groups standards Ex: fashion, waiting in line o Compliance request (can decline) Agreeing to a request that someone has made Ex: will you buy some wrapping paper o Obedience command (cannot decline) Following a direct command of someone who is believed to be a direct authority Ex: police telling you to move your car - Social influence is a part of everyday life o Always at the mercy of social pressure, sometimes people fight back and sometimes they conform and don’t - Kelman’s three levels of response to social conformity 1. Do what other people do, but still maintain a private opinion 2. Behave the way other people do so long as you are attracted to them, but suspend judgment 3. Behave and do what other people do because you are logically convinced by their argument (Ex this is the level that the govt. in 1984 had) Conformity: Talking about social norms, unwritten expectations about behavior, often they are not really noticed until they are broken Each group has their own Work on conformity began with Sheriff o Autokinetic effect : dark room with a pin point of life, if you star at it long enough it will appear to start moving, but it doesn’t really move. This is
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considered an ambiguous perceptual judgment (it is ambiguous because the light is not really moving and whatever your judgment of how far the light moved is based on what you saw, not what really happened.) o What you have over time is a convergence between the group members of how much the light moved, other time the members of the group converged on a number. When asked if they were influenced by the other group members they said no. RESULTS: group members converge and define norms for the group when there is an ambiguous situation. They are not saying “I think it moves this much because everyone else thinks it moves this much” they are saying “I think it moves this much because I think it moves this much”. They were creating reality
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Test III Information - Social Psych Telling you to do...

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