intro notes - 1 Adolescence Adolescence Period of...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Adolescence Adolescence Period of Transitions Period of Transitions : Biological, psychological, social, and economic Second Decade of Life (13-19) Makes more sense to think adolescence as beginning around age 10 and ending in the early twenties. Series of Transitions from immaturity to maturity May be mature in some areas and not others (e.g., physically mature but not cognitively mature) Divisions within Adolescence Divisions within Adolescence Early Adolescence Early Adolescence covers period from about 10-13 Middle Adolescence Middle Adolescence from about 14-18 Late Adolescence Late Adolescence (Youth) from about 19-22 Divisions Divisions Correspond to the way many societies group individuals in educational institutions Differences not just between adolescence and childhood or adulthood; differences among various phases of adolescence itself 2 Fundamental Changes of Fundamental Changes of Adolescence Adolescence Onset of Puberty (Biological) Onset of Puberty (Biological) Puberty involves changes in the young persons physical appearance and attainment of reproductive capacity Emergence of more advanced thinking Emergence of more advanced thinking abilities (Cognitive) abilities (Cognitive) Processes underlying how people think about things Hypothetical reasoning, abstract reasoning Transition into new roles in society (Social) Transition into new roles in society (Social) Some societies Rite of Passages Other societies transition is less clearly demarcated The Contexts of The Contexts of Adolescence Adolescence Ecological Systems Theory (Bronfenbrenner) Ecological Systems Theory (Bronfenbrenner) developing person is embedded in a Series of environmental systems that interact with one another and with the person to influence development Contexts for Development Contexts for Development Microsystem Microsystem : Activities and interactions that occur in the person's immediate surroundings Mesosystem: Mesosystem: The connections or interrelationships among microsystems Exosystem Exosystem : Contexts that children are not a part of but which may nevertheless influence their development Macrosystem Macrosystem : Broad, overarching ideology that dictates how children should be treated, what they should be taught, and the goals for which they should strive Chronosystem Chronosystem : Temporal dimensionthe age of the child 3 The Contexts of Adolescence The Contexts of Adolescence...
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intro notes - 1 Adolescence Adolescence Period of...

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