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PSY 330 week 2 Assignment.docx - Running head: TRAIT MODEL...

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Running head: TRAIT MODEL OF PERSONALITY1The Trait Model of PersonalityPSY 330 Week 2Assignment 2
Running head: TRAIT MODEL OF PERSONALITY2Part 1:Being eccentric, bold, shy, or reserved are traits of a human's personality. Personalityderives from a person's distinct patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaviors (Lecci, 2015).Personality trait stability is essential to understand to succeed in professional and personal lives.An individual's personality tends to stabilize over time during adulthood (Allemand, 2013). Theearliest contributors to the concepts of traits and the approach to trait personality, includingHippocrates, Galen, Carl Jung, Gordon Allport, Raymond Cattell, and Hans Eysenck. Fiveessential traits describe personality called the Big Five Model. This paper will explore the historyof Trait Model Personality to how it has evolved and will compare the psychodynamic model ofEysenck's Personality Theory and briefly discuss the Big Five.Personality Theory HistoryThe history of trait theories begins in the ancient Greek era. The earliest documentedwork of Humoral Theory was developed from four primary fluids (Lecci, 2015). The fluids ofblood, black bile, yellow, bile, and phlegm balanced emotion and behavior to achieve a healthylife. The excess of fluids would lead to an imbalance of the four humors. The excess of blood/sanguine was connected to a cheerful disposition, excess black bile/ melancholic associated withbeing sad, excess yellow bile/ choleric meant irritable, or too much phlegm was associated withan unemotional temperament. Although the four humors characteristics do not relate to thepresent day, they did provide the context for connecting traits of biological functioning andtraditions (Lecci, 2015).
Running head: TRAIT MODEL OF PERSONALITY3Carl Jung’s contribution of psychodynamic theories proved that human behavior playsbetween conscious and unconscious motivation. He also popularized the terms introversion andextroversion. Gordon Allport believed that individuals differences and situational variablesinfluenced his theory of unique approach of personality (Lecci, 2015). The traits are thecharacteristics that respond to stimuli in environment. The cardinal and secondary traits wereestablished by Allport, which were later used to influence the Big Five. He also combined thepragmatic acknowledgment that unconscious influences would play a role in human behavior.Overview of Theorist H. EysenckHans J. Eysenck, a prolific but controversial researcher, contributed to personalitypsychology. He is best known for personality and intelligence theories, which primarily focusedon temperaments that largely controlled genetic influences. Emerging biological traits/genetic

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Term
Fall
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Tags
Personality Psychology, Big Five personality traits, Trait theory, Hans J Eysenck

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