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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Sociology
Lecture 8: Globalization
Monday, October 4 Social aspects of postmodernity The rise of the information society De-rationalization DeThe fragmentation of identity Globalization Closely related to other postmodern developments Globalization Globalization The process whereby national boundaries are broken down through communication, exchange, and travel Global interdependency (goods and resources) Global interconnectedness challenges, crises linked environments, movements, Multiculturalism a philosophy or policy that permits or encourages ethnic differences and cultural diversity The advent and strengthening of organizations and institutions that are inherently international or multinational in character Brazil India Mexico Saudi Arabia WalWal-Mart Exxon Mobil British Patroleum Iran Thailand Colombia Toyota Malaysia Chevron ConocoPhillips GeneralElectric Ford Motor Chile Philippines AXA Egypt Sinopec Citigroup Volkswagen Peru AT&T Verizon Vietnam Nestle Home Depot Ecuador Ethiopia El Salvador Jordan
0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 1400000 1600000 Annual Revenues in U.S. Dollars (in $ millions) World system theory
Immanuel Wallerstein Global production and exchange occur in a coordinated capitalist economy Highly stratified division of labor between countries/regions Core: Core: Wealthy, powerful countries that own the means of production and specialize in the production of high-profit highconsumption goods Periphery: Periphery: Poor countries that specialize in extraction of raw materials Semi-periphery: Semi-periphery: Serve as buffers between core and periphery The core appropriates surplus from the periphery, and keeps the system in place by force The world-system world- HighHigh-profit consumption goods Core SemiSemiperiphery Periphery Cheap labor, raw materials The nanny chain Poor woman $ Immigrant woman $$ Wealthy family Nanny services Emotions Nanny services Emotions Poor country Wealthy country Globalization and local inequality
Saskia Sassen Dispersal of
manufacturing operations Globalization Increasing complexity of business Centralization of "command and control" Concentration Reliance on specialized services of corporate operations in large cities Demand for low-skilled lowservice workers Polarization of urban economy Urban inequality ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course NS 1150 taught by Professor Levitsky during the Fall '05 term at Cornell.
- Fall '05