pedsPrematurityJan05 - Pediatric Fundamentals Prematurity...

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Pediatric Fundamentals Prematurity Drs. Greg and Joy Loy Gordon January 2005
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Pediatric Fundamentals - Prematurity Definitions premature : gestational age less than 37 weeks or 259 days moderately premature: 31-36 weeks severely premature: 24-30 weeks postterm: greater than 41 weeks low birth weight (LBW): < 2,500 Gm (only a bit over half of LBW infants are premature) very low birth weight (VLBW): < 1,500 Gm newborn : first day of life neonate : first month of life infant : first year of life
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Pediatric Fundamentals - Prematurity 5-10% of live births High morbidity and mortality due to immature organ systems Responsible for 75% of perinatal deaths Immediate/early complications hypoxia/ischemia intraventricular hemorrhage sensorineural injury respiratory failure necrotizing enterocolitis cholestatic liver disease nutrient deficiency social stress
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Pediatric Fundamentals - Prematurity Hypoxia/ischemia mental retardation spastic diplegia microcephaly seizures poor school preformance Early complications and associated sequelae
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Pediatric Fundamentals - Prematurity Early complications and associated sequelae Intraventricular hemorrhage mental retardation spasticity seizures hydrocephalus
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Pediatric Fundamentals - Prematurity Early complications and associated sequelae Sensorineural injury hearing impairment visual impairment retinopathy of prematurity strabismus myopia
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pedsPrematurityJan05 - Pediatric Fundamentals Prematurity...

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