Hypnosis - Lee, Jordan H ED 3 5/17/08 Row 4 ASS Hypnosis...

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Lee, Jordan H ED 3 ° 5/17/08 Row 4 ASS Hypnosis Hypnosis is a technique used for medical purposes to relieve anxiety, improve behavior, or alter behavior. It is also used in popular stage acts such as magic shows in which subjects are persuaded to perform bizarre feats. Other variations include mass-hypnosis, in which crowds are influenced, and autosuggestion in which subjects persuade themselves. The history of hypnosis started with Avicenna (980-1037). He was a Persian psychologist and physician, was the earliest to make a distinction between sleep and hypnosis. Paracelsus (1493-1541), a Swiss, was the first physician to use magnets in his work. Many people claimed to have been healed after he had passed magnets (lodestones) over their bodies. Western scientists first became involved in hypnosis around 1770, when Dr. Franz Mesmer (1734-1815), a physician from Austria, started investigating an effect he called "animal magnetism" or "mesmerism". Mesmer developed his own theory and inspired himself also to the writings of the English physician Richard Mead. Mesmer found that, after opening a patient's vein and letting the patient bleed for a while, by passing magnets over the wound would make the bleeding stop. Mesmer also discovered that using a stick instead would also make the bleeding stop. The evolution of Mesmer's ideas and practices led the Scottish neurosurgeon James Braid in 1842 to coin the term, and develop the procedure known as, “hypnosis”. Hypnosis works by bringing a subject into a peculiar state of consciousness with reduced
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Hypnosis - Lee, Jordan H ED 3 5/17/08 Row 4 ASS Hypnosis...

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