History 1377 - PART TWO: MORAL AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN THE...

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PART TWO: MORAL AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN THE YOUNG REPUBLIC, 1830- 1877 Topic I - America at Mid-Century THESIS American culture, 1836 – 1860 reached the end of one long stage of its development came of age became something uniquely American Important Components of American Culture at Mid-Century American Sense of Mission Revivalistic Protestantism Localism and Nationalism Hamiltonian Federalism and Jeffersonian Republicanism Foreign Policy Based on Realism Democracy and Individualism Racism and Slavery Expansionism Basic Question: "What then is the American, this new man?" Notable American Writers of the Time Washington Irving James Fennimore Cooper Ralph Waldo Emerson Edgar Allen Poe Henry David Thoreau Herman Melville Walt Whitman Reached the height of their creative powers during this period. Wrote with an American accent. Wrote about American subjects.
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This creative surge in American literature would not be matched again until the 1920s. Important Characteristics of American Culture at Mid-Century #1 PATRIOTISM – love of country Most popular symbol? Most important hero? Greatest patriotic ceremony? Important Characteristics of American Culture at Mid-Century #2 AMERICAN NATIONALISM Later, Southern Nationalism would compete. Important Characteristics of American Culture at Mid-Century #3 AGGRESSIVENESS By individuals By nation Example: Mexican War Important Characteristics of American Culture at Mid-Century #4 RELIGION or Religiosity Most Americans were Protestants Many Protestants frightened by non-Protestant immigrants o Nativist movement o Know-Nothing Party Strong emphasis on revivalism Religious v. Religiosity Religious: manifesting faithful devotion to an acknowledged deity; devoted to religious beliefs or observances; scrupulously and conscientiously faithful Religiosity: excessively, obtrusively, or sentimentally religious.
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Efforts to Restrict Immigration and Deny Roman Catholics full citizenship rights U.S. Population: 1830 = 12.9 million 1860 = 31/5 million U.S. still sparsely settled and short of workers – not enough men and women to meet labor requirements of cities and farms Increase in European immigration mostly from northern and western Europe helped Many immigrants were unskilled, illiterate, and poor – had hard time settling in new country Were valuable additions to U.S., but many Americans opposed their coming Concerns of Nativists Nativists were concerned because immigrants: Came in such large numbers Didn’t speak English; had strange customs Threatened to pollute old Anglo-Saxon stock Increased crime and pauperism Burdened public funds and private charities Were “undesirables” exported by Europe Lowered wages by working for less Voted Democrat Were Roman Catholics Know-Nothings Began in 1840s as secret, anti-foreign, anti-immigrant societies. Came together in 1850s to establish the "Order of the Star Spangled Banner" popularly
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2011 for the course UHIST 1377 taught by Professor Mr.curry during the Spring '11 term at University of Houston.

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History 1377 - PART TWO: MORAL AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN THE...

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