RELG 270 - Hinduism and Ecology

RELG 270 - Hinduism and Ecology - RELG 270 Hindusim and...

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RELG 270 Hindusim and Ecology Indic religions - most come from the east however to say this is not clear enough Hindusim o Very diverse o Hinduisms? o Because this is so diverse many have questioned whether it should be called Hinduisms however it is Hinduism o The Sanatana Dharma - The eternal teaching -eternal truth o India is the host of Hinduism o Induis civilization flourished - very civilized o Hindusim is quite ancient - after Christianity and Judaism Sacred Writings o Sruti Revealed texts - revealed by God to the ancient Indians First in authority The Veda - The everything Samhitas A collection of praises, hymns to the ancient deities - king of God being chief over these Brahmanas Speak about the logistics, details, significance of ritual How to go about rituals, why they are important Largely oriented around the fire ritual Sacrafice of rituals Aranyakas The forest books Interprets the ritual, movement from ritual to philosophical Analyze rituals Ritualistic way of thinking and philosophical way of thinking Facts are expressed in a different way Upanishads Contemplative texts - internal rituals Ideas of the true self - underlying reality of all things called Brahman Sacred Writings - Second in authority Dharma Sutras Manava Dharma Shastra Ones duty in life Man or woman Stage of life Ramayana
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RELG 270 Mahabharata (Bhagavad Gita) The ethics Talks about the yoga - path Different paths to salvation The Puranas Genealogies - law codes Description of holy spaces o Smriti More of a tradition that a collection of writings Those who are remembered Polytheistic or Monotheistic? o Monotheistic and they look to Brahman as God They worship Brahman through different ways Images or not, male or female Shakti - divine principle - in the image Deity as image - in the image Not replacing - worshiped as the deity The one Brahman but can be worshiped through different images Simpsons - Ganesh - elephant headed God Trimurti - the Hindu trinity - Representation of Brahman o Brahma - creator God o Shiva - God of destruction - also the God of paradoxes Representation of life and death - creation and destruction Idea of polarity and interrelationship Goddess of transformation o Vishnu - God of preservation - sustainer Goddess of Beauty Iconography is important o The divine is manifested through the image - icons are important o The lotus is important - rooted in the mud but opens to the sky Idea of humans in the midst of suffering open themselves up for liberation o Blue is the color of infinity o Brahma is often depicted as having 4 faces - because there are 4 Vedas Often holding a lotus Holding a book - represents wisdom
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RELG 270 - Hinduism and Ecology - RELG 270 Hindusim and...

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