EDEE 280 - Conservativism and Liberalism

EDEE 280 - Conservativism and Liberalism - EDEE 280 3....

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EDEE 280 3. Conservatism and Liberalism First half of the 19 th century was conservative, second half was liberal Around 1848 Many debates over this Liberalism has changed over the centuries just as conservatism has also changed over the centuries Conservatism = evolutionary change Conservatives do not resist change, but they want change to be slow, careful, and thoughtful Don’t want to disrupt the institutions and practices that hold a society together Influential Ideas Edmond Burke (1729-97) Considered the grandfather of classic liberalism and conservatism Above are the ideas of Burke analyzed revolutions Wrote positively of the English and the glorious revolution Very critical of the French revolution Argued it was too radical and its failure was in its attempt to not only reconstitute France, but to reform it in every way Paine (1737-1809)
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EDEE 280 A constitution gave people rights, not a democracy Democracy protected human rights American revolutionist Believed democracy is a process not a product Inspired a number of social democratic governments Bentham (1748-1832) and Mill (1806-73) Influenced by these ideals and created the idea of utilitarianism Believed that the role of government was to improve the condition of the people and if the people have democracy, then they can improve their own conditions or situation Congress of Vienna (1815-1825) After Napoleon defeated Europe, but then was in turn defeated, Europe was a mess and the European powers didn’t know what to do with this mess and decided to meet in Vienna Congress of Vienna Meeting of Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Vienna, but wise to also invite France All issues were blamed on Napoleon, not France France was very important, influential, and had one of the most competent diplomats at the time At first, France was only meant to listen, but Talleyrand convinced everyone to let them take part Restoration and Legitimacy
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2011 for the course EDEE 280 taught by Professor Tinobordonaro during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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EDEE 280 - Conservativism and Liberalism - EDEE 280 3....

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