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EDEE 280 - Nationalism and Socialism

EDEE 280 - Nationalism and Socialism - EDEE 280 4...

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EDEE 280 4. Nationalism and Socialism Influential Ideas Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen (late 1700s, early 1800s) Hegel (1770-1831) Mazzini (1805-72) Wrote a book called the duties of man Claimed that a mans duty was not to his state or government but to his people Introduced in a complex ideological way the concept of nationalism Nationalism is rational and sentimental Introduced during the French revolution Referring to brotherhood Internal and external
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EDEE 280 Nationalism introduced the new period of imperialism Patriotism Ideas would inspire the Italians, Germans, Hungarians, French, Marx (1818-83) Start with a clash - not an intellectual clash but a clash of the classes Wrote about the bourgeoisie and the proletarians Realized that since the beginning of times people have been divided into the haves and the have nots Those who worked for those who didn't have to Those who owned or those who worked Patrician and the plebeian Regarded this as being unfair Advocated in the communist manifesto Identifies the problem as the bourgeois and the proletariat Identifies the solution under the proletariat and the communist Divide the property of society equally Wrote with Fredrick Engels in 1848 A strong state and a revolution are necessary for this to be Didn't understand the human condition -
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EDEE 280 Revolutions of 1848 Year of Hopeful Failures Had an impact on every part of the world that was at the time extremely influential Reaction to a very conservative period French revolution alarmed the world Students reacting to the conservative period Reacting to Britain's very conservative evolutionary approach to change Reacting to the restoration of monarchy in France No international movement - nothing inspiring all these people at the same time other than the very ideas of liberalism now combined with nationalism Wasn't just liberal ideas and nationalist tendencies - there was the sufferings of industrialisations - things were getting better but not quickly enough Idea of social welfare that the people were aware of but was not being implemented enough - especially in eastern Europe Agricultural crisis Hit Canada first and then hit Europe 5-10 years later Caused suffering in Ireland o More pronounced because Ireland relied heavily on one crop (potato) that was not indigenous to Ireland - good years it grew well - when it crashed it crashed Very little opportunity for relief because the world was suffering and less to help the Irish o Many perished or left Ideas and agricultural crisis were the route of the revolutions - they were put down Protests that got out of hand Not a national movement Conservatives regimes were able to put these down Hopeful Failures France Louis-Philip was driven out of the country French left without a government French lost confidence in their monarchy which would never be regained About to constitute it's second republic
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