Psychology and Health Problems

Psychology and Health Problems - Psychology and Health...

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Psychology and Health Problems Rachel Crice April 10, 2011 PSY/210 Amber Lee-George Axia College of University of Phoenix According to Chapter 4 of Psychology and the Challenges of Life (2008) , “the multifactorial model is the belief that health and illness are a function of multiple factors involving
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biological, psychological and cultural domains, and their interactions.” The model has an extensive list of issues to describe our susceptibility to illness. It gives us a general idea of our likelihood of becoming infected with an illness through our susceptibility factors based on our genetics and lifestyle. The main factors listed in the Multifactorial Model in Figure 4.3 of Psychology and the Challenges of Life (2008) are biological, sociocultural, environmental, personality, behavior and stressors. Underneath each one of these factors are segments that add to our purpose in our lives. For example, under the Biological section of the Multifactorial Model you would find segments such as family history of illness, medical history, age, etc. When taken into consideration, these segments affect a person’s health. Some we can control and others we cannot. The Multifactorial Model is one way of understanding illnesses and helps us to better understand the connection between mind, body, health and illness. Psychology has played a big role in understanding and managing health problems such as cancer, headaches, menstrual problems, and coronary heart disease. Headaches are defined as a pain in the head or upper neck and are the most common types of pain in the body (MedicineNet.com, 2011). There are many different types of headaches such as tension, migraine, hormonal and cluster. Looking at something as common as headaches will help to understand how psychology can help in illnesses. When someone blows things out of proportion, or is a catastrophist, this causes tension headaches. Catastrophizing has the following effects on the body: tensed muscles in the neck, shoulders, and forehead. These tensed muscles result in a tension headache. Migraine headaches have been proven to be caused by psychological effects like stress and another study has suggested that people who suffer from migraines might have a lack of ability to cope (Ukestad & Wittrock, 1996). This lack of ability to cope would fall under the behavior factor in
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Psychology and Health Problems - Psychology and Health...

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