Pyrons_rules_for_papers - PYRONS EASY GUIDE TO WRITING...

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PYRON’S EASY GUIDE TO WRITING ESSAYS Darden Asbury Pyron Florida International University Miami, FL 33199 Prof. Wood endorses this style guide. 1. Make a Thesis or Argument Every paper must make an argument. To make an argument, you must have read and analyzed the material and formed your own judgments about the facts. A thesis gives form. It functions like a blueprint does to an architect or builder. It provides the plan for your construction and allows the reader a standard by which to judge your intentions. You should be able to summarize any essay you write in a single paragraph or a sentence or two. 2. Avoid Description Descriptive papers assume the truth of the subject matter you present. A thesis-oriented paper takes a different tack. It assumes a variety of sources, often contradictory. You must weigh and evaluate the material and make the most plausible conclusion. 3. Introductory Paragraphs Avoid fluffy, flowery introductions. Make your introductions clear state- ments of what you intend to argue and how you intend to do so. Consider even the possibility of numbering the parts of your argument. Like this: “Pericles domin- ated fifth century Athens. He exerted his influence in four major ways. . . .” Then enumerate those ways. 4. Topic Sentences If the whole paper begins with a statement summarizing what should follow in general outline, each paragraph should begin with something comparable: a clear statement of the object of the individual paragraph. You begin with a good topic sentence and the rest of the paragraph sustains that lead with hard fact, evid- ence, and proofs. This defines the nature of the good paragraph. 5. Hard Evidence And Proofs You must always present evidence to support any argument or thesis you might make - whether of the whole paper or in individual paragraphs. Rely on the texts. Use quotations from the readings to prove your case. Use and cite the ma-
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terial upon which you base your writing. Topic sentences or generalizations not followed by supporting evidence have no place in these exercises. 6. Personal Judgments As per #5, these papers concern facts and the ordered arrangement of data. Whether you like those facts or not has little to do with good writing. In the ab- sence of hard evidence, your personal opinion cannot advance your thesis. For this reason, never use the first person singular. By the same measure, the coupling of the first person with such verbs as “feel” and “believe” grossly compounds the er- ror. 7. Argument by Analogy/Rhetorical Questions Beware of analogical arguments because what might seem an irrefutable ref- erence to one person might seem false to another. At the same time, you have fac- tual evidence enough without resorting to analogies. The same arguments discount rhetorical devices for proving a case as well. 8. One Sentence Paragraphs
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Pyrons_rules_for_papers - PYRONS EASY GUIDE TO WRITING...

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