1 Solutions and Their Properties Chapter 12 - Chemistry 1046 Solutions •Homogeneous mixtures •Varied composition •Appears to be one substance –but not really •If given a choice, nature chooses spontaneous mixing Sea water is composed of a lot of different things including organisms. (it is not really a solution but a mixture)
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2 Solutions •The solute is that in present in the smaller amount •The solvent is that present in the larger amount. •The solution is the whole thing. Solution Formation •Saturated:Contains the maximum amount of solute that will dissolve in a given solvent. •Unsaturated: Contains less solute than a solvent has the capacity to dissolve. •Supersaturated: Contains more solute than would be present in a saturated solution. •Crystallization: The process in which dissolved solute comes out of the solution and forms crystals.