hum lec24 - March 5th 2008 Humanities week 9 lecture 2...

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March 5 th , 2008 Humanities week 9 lecture 2 Introduction to Plato II I. Plato’s Life (ca. 427 – 347) a. Family: Codrus & Solon; i. Critias & Charmides 1. these characters were members of the “30 tyrants” a “hoonta”(?) both prominent in Plato’s writing 2. from his youth, he listens to the ideas of these men and they were anti-democratic, “quasi-dictatorship” 3. He is interested in politics b. Public Life and Socrates i. He wanted to get involved in politics during the Peloponnesian war, which was not a good time period to get involved in politics especially if you are in the conservative side ii. Well run/balanced, required philosophers, but he was never able to join philosophical contemplation with politics iii. Plato has access to Socrates from an early age iv. Most people who have done wrong to the Athenians were somehow related to Socrates c. Travel i. Plato travels after Socrates is executed ii. He made contact with philosophical schools during his travels d. Return to Athens 1. when he gets back, nothing changes, nothing is any better 2. viewed poor politics was a result of lack of education ii. Foundation of the Academy 1. He is trying to educate the new generation of Greeks 2. Academy ~ “academus” 3. place of research and learning, one of the first libraries 4. it was organized like a commune, with religious rights, and focused on the community of the individuals who lived there 5. women and men learned there 6. two main “items” were math and political theory iii. Sicily 1. A friend asks him to go to him to help teach his nephew who has the throne in Sicily.
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