Competing_World_Views_on_the_Environment

Competing_World_Views_on_the_Environment - Competing World...

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Competing World Views on the Environment Winter Term 2011
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Lecture Goals To understand the competing perspectives on economic growth and environmental degradation. To define sustainable development. To examine the relationship between poverty, and consumption with environmental degradation. To understand “environmental justice”.
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Development and the Environm ent The question of how best to preserve our natural environment while at the same time allowing human beings to pursue their livelihoods and improve standards of living has no easy answer. Formal development efforts to boost productivity and economic growth worldwide have improved standards of living. Deforestation, drying rangelands, depleted fisheries, decreasing clean water supplies, and industrial pollution affect the health and livelihoods of millions of people worldwide
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Development and the Environment Today water scarcity affects roughly one to two billion people worldwide 10 to 20% of the world’s drylands have become so degraded that they cannot adequately support human populations living there Fisheries have seen a 90% reduction in targeted food for populations since the onset of industrial fishing in the last century.
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Development and the Environment Debate: Economic development and globalization as the solution to these environmental problems, others argue that development is the cause of environmental degradation Capitalist development and its inherent focus on economic growth Early policy and programs focused primarily on stimulating economic growth and industrialization in developing countries at the national level.
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Development and the Environment Countries in the “Global South” are desperate for foreign exchange to fund development efforts and finance growing debt. Example : The Shell Oil Company in Nigeria Oil has been one of the main sources of government revenue in Nigeria, and Shell Petroleum Development Corporation was a partner in one of the country’s largest joint oil development ventures .
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Development and the Environment In 1991, a poorly maintained above ground network of oil pipes resulted in 2,976 oil spills equaling 2.1 million barrels of oil throughout the Niger delta region, destroying vast stretches of farmland. Gas flaring was sending more than 35 million tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. Development projects funded by international organizations such as the World Bank also have adverse environmental and social impacts. Investments in large-scale, centrally designed infrastructural development programs would help boost national
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Development and the Environment Proponents (WB): Ø Provide an environmentally friendly (as compared to coal or nuclear-generated power) supply of badly needed electricity for both industrial and residential needs Ø Control flooding Ø Provide freshwater supplies for urban populations Ø Provide irrigation water to increase agricultural productivity.
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course ENVS 200 taught by Professor Annegrant during the Fall '11 term at Waterloo.

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Competing_World_Views_on_the_Environment - Competing World...

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