Defining_Development1

Defining_Development1 - Defining Development Spring Term...

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Defining Development Spring Term 2011
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Lecture Goals To understand the origins of different labels used to describe developing world. To define development To understand the main terms and concepts in international development.
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Labeling in International Development Words that have been used to describe countries, people, and processes reflect the evolution of thinking about poverty, wealth, and the relationship among nations. The birth of the modern concept of “development” is generally traced back to a speech by Harry Truman, presidents of the United States of America, in 1949. During his speech, Truman
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Labeling in International Development “We must embark on a bold new program for making the benefits of our scientific advances and industrial progress available for the improvement and growth of underdeveloped areas. More than half of the people of the world are living in conditions approaching misery. Their food is inadequate , they are victims of disease . Their economic life is primitive and stagnant. Their poverty is a handicap and a threat both to them and more prosperous areas. For the first time in history, humanity possesses the knowledge and the skill to
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Labeling in International Development underdeveloped areas ” : occasionally appeared in international circles prior to Truman’s use of the term. Common terms were: 1. “backward areas 2. economically backward areas These two terms have faded out of use because:
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Labeling in International Development “Third World” : In 1952, the French demographer Alfred Sauvé to refer to the countries outside the two major power blocks Based on geography of global politics, the world was divided into two main power blocks: Ø United States and its allies Ø Soviet Union and the Communist world Ø “Third World” has been introduced to refer to post-
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Labeling in International Development Although the term “Third World” is still sometimes used in international development circles, numerous questions have been raised about its value. Many are unhappy with the way this term seems to imply a world hierarchy and a unique path to development success, just as the term “underdeveloped areas” did.
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Labeling in International Development More recently: Thailand, India, Mexico, Brazil, China, South Africa, Turkey, and Malaysia. Sometimes referred to as “
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Defining_Development1 - Defining Development Spring Term...

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