GEOG 203 ass 2 - rough copy

GEOG 203 ass 2 - rough copy - U N D E R S TA N D I N G T H...

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UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON INDIA Proposed by: Iouri Basmanov Cori Crawford Mirna Halilovic Damien Woodfull GEOG 203 Assignment 2 Esmat Zaidan July 14, 2011
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UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON INDIA According to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) by the late 1990’s almost 50 per cent of manufacturing jobs were located in the developing world. Transnational corporations (TNCs) are a major reason for these changes. While there are positive developmental aspects of India is a country that is currently being exploited through globalization. There has been negative pressure on women, misallocation of financial resources gained from trade and India acts as a pollution haven for investors in environmentally-exhaustive industries. India has had many dire effects on its socio-economic status as a result. “Industries have gone to worldwide production, both to reap the benefits of lower production costs and to lessen trade tensions in countries where imports have had a significant impact on domestic industries.” (Muroyama & Dinneen, 1988) However the biggest realization is that this global shift has not brought substantial change to the differences between developed and developing countries. It is in some ways a repetitive cycle that leaves developing countries in disadvantageous situations. In this project we would like to explore the problems and causes of the negative impacts of globalization on India. We also would like to offer some practical solutions that would alleviate some of those impacts. We want to emphasize the importance of the dissemination of this information as it will be insightful to policy makers, government officials, TNCs and the people of India. THE PROBLEMS WHAT ARE THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS? The globalization of Indian society has presented a plethora of social, environmental, and health issues. The historical tribulations of discrimination, poverty and other social issues have a new face under the influence of economic development. “The mixture of corporate capitalism and Western culture models is dissolving family and community social controls as witnessed by higher rates of family violence, rape, divorce, and family breakdown in India” (Taber & Batra, 1996). As poor families relocate to cities in attempt to find work, there is an increasing trend of abandonment of old parents. In an attempt to obtain the relatively few well paying positions available there is increased pressures for notable achievement in education. PRESSURES ON WOMEN The negative implications of globalization in India are plentiful, especially for the welfare of women. Pressures on females in lesser-developed countries are doubled as they enter the workforce because their domestic responsibilities are not alleviated. The result is that females work the equivalent of two full time jobs, opening the gateway for stress induced illnesses,
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course ENVS 200 taught by Professor Annegrant during the Fall '11 term at Waterloo.

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GEOG 203 ass 2 - rough copy - U N D E R S TA N D I N G T H...

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