Unit 3 SG - Unit 3 - Insect Orders Study Guide Unit...

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Unformatted text preview: Unit 3 - Insect Orders Study Guide Unit objectives: After you have completed this unit you should know for each order: 1. its common name 2. its development, or metamorphosis 3. 3-4 facts regarding its life history and/or economic importance 4. its wing type Introduction Review Terms Define each of the following terms 1. Ametabolous: insect that undergoes slight or no metamorphosis. young look like adult. keep molting after becoming 2. Hemimetabolous: insect that undergoes incomplete metamorphosis, young look very similar to adult 3. Holometabolous: insect that undergoes complete metamorphosis, includes larval stage, pupal stage and adult stage 4. Apterygote: insect that doesn't have wings 5. Paleopterous: 6. Pterygote: insects with wings, but wings cannot fold over abdomen all winged insects 7. Neoptera: having wings, wings have flexon hindwings can be folded back over abdomen 8. Exopterygote: insects with wings that develop from structures called wing pads located on outside of growing insect 9. Endopterygote: insects with wings that develop from internal wing pads present in larvae Insect Orders Take note, the column for Development refers to metamorphosis, i.e. whether or not the order is ametabolous, hemimetabolous or holometabolous. The column for Wing Type refers to whether or not the order is a) Apterygote, b) Paleopterous or b) Neoptera; and whether or not the order is: a) Endopterygote or b) Exopterygote. You will need to use all your resources, your text and CD to find all of the answers. Table 1 Order Class Collembola Common Name Development Life History Economic Importance Wing Type none s pringtail s apterygota CLASS INSECTA Ametabola Hemimetabola Thysanura silverfi sh bristletail Ephemeroptera mayflies Odonata Orthoptera dragonfl ies damselfl ies grasshoppers crisckets Dermaptera earwigs Blattodea roaches ticks/mites Isoptera termites Mantodea Phasmatodea Hemiptera Heteroptera Homoptera praying mantids walking s ticks true bugs cicadas leafhoppers none apterygota paleoptera paleoptera neoptera exopterygote Thysanoptera Phthiraptera Holometabola thrips lice Neuroptera lacewings Megaloptera alderfl ies dobsonfl ies Coleoptera beetle Hymenoptera Trichoptera Lepidoptera Diptera ants, wasps, bees caddisflies butterfl ies moths fl ies mosquitos Siphonaptera fleas Wing Type See the attachment titled "Table 2" for a reference. Notes: endopterygote Table 2 Arthropoda Class Collembola (Springtails) Class Insecta Ametabola Apterygota Order Thysanura (Silverfish, Bristletails) Hemimetabola Order Ephemeroptera (Mayflies) Paleoptera Order Odonata (Dragonflies, Damselflies) Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets) Order Dermaptera (Earwigs) Order Blattaria (Cockroaches) Order Isoptera (Termites) Order Mantodea (Praying Mantids) Order Phasmida (Walkingsticks) Order Hemiptera Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs) Suborder Homoptera (Cicadas, Leafhoppers, etc.) Order Thysanoptera (Thrips) Order Phthiraptera (Lice) Holometabola Order Neuroptera (Lacewings) Order Megaloptera (Alderflies, Dobsonflies) Order Coleoptera (Beetles) Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Wasps, Bees) Order Trichoptera (Caddisflies) Order Lepidoptera (Moths, Butterflies) Order Diptera (True Flies) Order Siphonaptera (Fleas) Exopterygote Neoptera Endopterygote ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2011 for the course ENY 3005 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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