LECTURE 1 - Intro to Sociology of Health

LECTURE 1 - Intro to Sociology of Health - *Information is...

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Unformatted text preview: *Information is taken from Chapter 1 in Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada (2008) by J. N. Clarke (and from other sources where indicated ) *Original Presentations Developed by: Professors Miriam Levitt & Gaetan Girard Current Lecture Adapted/Developed by Professor: Dr. Sonia Gulati Topics Covered Exploring the concepts of sociology & health, and how people and society construct the notion of illness and health. Overview of the social determinants of health. Social causes and implications of illness, disability and death, and ways illness influences & is influenced by social interaction among individuals, society, and institutions. Four sociological paradigms associated with health, illness, and medicine: 1) Structural functionalism (mile Durkheim), 2) Conflict theory (Karl Marx), 3) Symbolic interaction (Max Weber), and 4) Feminist and critical race theories (Dorothy Smith & George Sefa-Dei). PART 1: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & CONSTRUCTING THE NOTION OF HEALTH DEFINING SOCIOLOGY AND HEALTH Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, https://apps.who.int/aboutwho/en/definition.html ) Sociology is the systematic study of human society and social interaction (Kendall et al., 2000, p. 3) Sociology of Health seeks to describe and explain the social causes and consequences of illness, disease, disability, and death; how people and professionals construct illness; and how illness affects and is affected by social interactions (Clarke, p. 3) Sociology of Medicine seeks to describe and explain how medical systems are organized, structured, and financed; and the occupational roles of healthcare providers such as doctors and nurses (Clarke, p. 4) Talking Sociology VIDEO EXAMPLES OF TOPICS WITHIN SOCIOLOGY OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH & ILLNESS (Clarke, p. 3) Sociology of Medicine Sociology of Health & Illness Organization of the medical care system Profession of medicine Alternative health-care providers Financing of medical care Medico-industrial complex Health-promotion industry Medical discourse and ideology Occupational worlds of the doctor, nurse, and allied health professionals Distribution of disease and death Disease and death in socio-historical- political context Socio-demographic explanations Class, patriarchy, and sexism explanations Socio-psychological explanations Experiences and perspectives Construction or labelling Environmental conditions and health, occupational health, safety issues and health consequences Information is taken from Chapter 1: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Health within Sociology VIDEO SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH IN CANADA American scholars focus on socio-psychological variables such as: stress, health locus of control, health behaviour models, and social support; and tend to use survey research...
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course HSS 3321 B taught by Professor Dr.soniagulati during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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LECTURE 1 - Intro to Sociology of Health - *Information is...

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