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LECTURE 4 - Environment, Occupation, Education

LECTURE 4 - Environment, Occupation, Education - HSS3321 B...

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Role of the Environment, Occupation/Employment, and Education on Health September 30, 2011 HSS3321 B: Sociology of Health *Information is taken from Chapter 4 in Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada (2008) by J. N. Clarke (and from other sources where indicated) *Original Presentations Developed by: Professors Miriam Levitt & Gaetan Girard Current Lecture Adapted/Developed by Professor: Dr. Sonia Gulati
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Information is taken from Chapter 4: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Topics to be Covered Three fundamental parts of the environment upon which health depends – water, air and land; & important environmental threats How environmental hazards in air, water, and land (e.g., climate change; air pollution) are increasing AND affect our health both directly (e.g., through the air we breathe) and indirectly (e.g., through the food we eat) How occupational health and safety issues, such as work-related injuries and stress, are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in Canada Gender differences in occupational health & safety Traffic, sports, and other accidents and violence as important challenges to health
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PART 1: THE ENVIRONMENT
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Major Environmental Issues Information is taken from Chapter 4: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Three fundamental components of the environment:  Air, Water,
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Environmental Issues that Impact Health Information is taken from Chapter 4: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 CLIMAGE CHANGE : global warming CO2/others: Air pollutants (i.e. methane, nitrous oxide) reflect the sun’s radiant energy back to earth, creating a warming trend affecting growing of crops and risk of flooding Global warming and increased temperatures have direct and indirect effects on human health. Ø Indirect effects operate through changes in the physical environment, such as drought on the Prairies, decline of water supplies in southern Canada, soil degradation, soil erosion, and the flooding of coastal regions. Ø Direct effects are the health risks, especially those in the cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory systems, associated with extreme climate temperature (e.g., heat-wave).
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cont’d environmental issues & health…
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