LECTURE 5 - Social Inequality, Social Exclusion, Socio-Economic Status

LECTURE 5 - Social Inequality, Social Exclusion, Socio-Economic Status

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Unformatted text preview: Social Inequality: Socio-Economic Status & the Social Gradient, Social Exclusion, Poverty, Poor Health, and Disease & Death October 4 & 7, 2011 *Information is taken from Chapter 5 in Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada (2008) by J. N. Clarke (and from other sources where indicated) *Original Presentations Developed by: Professors Miriam Levitt & Gaetan Girard Current Lecture Adapted/Developed by Professor: Dr. Sonia Gulati To explore the following two areas: – 1) The causes and consequences of numerous inequities in the social structure AND – 2) How these inequities are linked to the distribution of illness, disease, disability and death Distinguish between the concept of inequality AND inequity How inequities in a society impact health for both the individual and the population How the social determinants of health perspective is an explanation of health inequality Topics to be Covered Information is taken from Chapter 5: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 PART 1: THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE Concept of social structure used to think about how people in society differ from one another. hierarchical in structure (placement on an invisible ladder ) Variables associated with social structure include: Economic, Occupational, Educational, Gender, Social Status ‘Cross-cutting’ indicators of inequity influence one another E.g., women, poverty, aboriginal; men, education, social status Perspective of Conflict Theory & Social Justice* : Hierarchical structure is an indicator of inequality – Inequality becomes an inequity* when we judge the inequality as ‘wrong’ Social Structure Information is taken from Chapter 5: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Concept of social justice has been associated with: the desire for a well-ordered society, the right to basic equal liberty and opportunities, social and economic disparities that benefit the least-advantaged individuals, and offices and positions that are accessible to all under fair and equitable conditions and opportunities (Rawls & Kelly, 2001) *Social Justice From: Gulati, Sonia. Doctoral Thesis, Queen’s University, 2009. “ Inequality simply refers to the uneven distribution of health or health resources as a result of genetic or other factors or the lack of resources; while inequity refers to unfair, avoidable differences arising from poor governance, corruption or cultural exclusion.” • Inequity is the result of human failure, which gives rise to avoidable illnesses, diseases, disabilities, and deaths. • Inequity is often measured in terms of inequalities of health or health resources where one might reasonably expect equality (e.g., there is no reason for differences in access to basic health resources between men and women within a country other than gender/cultural prejudice and/or a failure of governance)....
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course HSS 3321 B taught by Professor Dr.soniagulati during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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LECTURE 5 - Social Inequality, Social Exclusion, Socio-Economic Status

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