LECTURE 7 - Experience of Living with Illness or Disability

LECTURE 7 - Experience of Living with Illness or Disability...

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The Experience of Living with an Illness or a Disability November 1, 2011 HSS3321 B: Sociology of Health *Information is taken from Chapter 8 in Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada (2008) by J. N. Clarke (and from other sources where indicated) *Original Presentations Developed by: Professors Miriam Levitt & Gaetan Girard Current Lecture Adapted/Developed by Professor: Dr. Sonia Gulati
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At the present time (i.e., in 2011), do hospitals in Ontario accept monetary donations from the tobacco industry? Briefly explain your answer. * You must provide at least one reference to support your answer (e.g., website; personal communication with organization/institution; book; article; etc) BONUS QUESTION FOR FINAL EXAM
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Information is taken from Chapter 8: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Topics to be Covered § The meaning of experiencing an illness or a disability § The distinctions between illness, disease, and sickness § Popular conceptions of illness and disability § The insider view of living with an illness or disability § The effect of illness and disability on self and identity
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Draws attention to the meanings, interpretations, and world views of human beings in relation to illness, sickness, disease, and death - Examines the subjective reality (the emic perspective) - The analysis is at the individual level - Personal meanings are constructed out of social interactions in specific social, political, economic and historical contexts - Meanings reflect a person’s position in the social structure, and that person’s relationships and experiences § What is viewed as disease or health varies from society to Recall : Symbolic Interactionist Tradition Information is taken from Chapter 8: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008
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PART 1: ILLNESS, SICKNESS, AND DISEASE
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How do you think you would feel if you were told that your child has Down Syndrome?
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§ Disease: - Diagnosed by a physician - Usually located in specific organs or system in the body - Curable through specific biomedical treatments - Concept of disease was developed to explain health problems and mainly for diagnostic & epidemiological purposes (Halbertsma, 1995) § Illness: - The personal experience of the individual who acknowledges that he or she does not feel well § Sickness - The social actions taken by a person as a result of illness or disease (e.g., taking medication, visiting doctor, resting) Information is taken from Chapter 8: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008
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Common understanding of illness… § The concept of illness is often equated with poor physical or mental health or a diagnosable disease. § Acute versus terminal versus chronic illness: - Acute Illness : A disease with an abrupt or rapid onset and usually a short duration (e.g., infection) - Terminal Illness : An active and progressive disease with no reasonable chance of cure (e.g., advanced cancer) - Chronic Illness : A health condition that is long-lasting and needs to be managed on a long-term basis (e.g., diabetes; arthritis; HIV/AIDS)
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course HSS 3321 B taught by Professor Dr.soniagulati during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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LECTURE 7 - Experience of Living with Illness or Disability...

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