LECTURE 8A - Women's Health and Violence

LECTURE 8A - Women's Health and Violence - HSS3321 B:...

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Gender and Health: A sociological perspective on violence against women Zeina Abou-Rizk November 8, 2011 HSS3321 B: Sociology of Health
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Differences between « sex » and « gender » Sex refers to primary and secondary anatomical and biological characteristics that have been traditionally used to distinguish “males” from “females.” Gender corresponds to psychological, social and cultural characteristics that have been traditionally used to distinguish “men” from “women.”
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Ways in which gender affects health Medicalization of the natural events of women’s lives Absence of women in major research throughout history Dominance of strict standards that dictate the « perfect » body Responsabilisation of women for contraception Gendered division of labour and devaluation of women’s unpaid labour Higher poverty rates among women
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Ways in which gender affects health Higher life expectancies among women but higher morbidity rates as well Higher rates of depression among women Gender differences in healthcare Dismissal of the social determinants of health of women Negligence of women’s needs
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Ways in which gender affects health Objectification and sexualisation of the female body Higher levels of stress experienced by women “Masculinization” of medicine More violence experienced by women Etc…
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Violence against women Infanticides Honour killings Domestic violence Rape or sexual abuse Trafficking of girls and women Objectification and sexualisation of women’s bodies
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Gender violence throughout a women’s life Prenatal phase ===> Sex-selective abortions, battering during pregnancy, coerced pregnancy Infancy ===> Female infanticides, emotional and physical abuse, differential access to food and medical care Childhood ===> Genital mutilations; incest and sexual abuse; differential access to food, medical care, and education; child trafficking and prostitution
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Gender violence throughout a women’s life Adolescence ===> Dating violence, economically coerced sex, sexual abuse in the workplace, rape, sexual harassment, forced
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course HSS 3321 B taught by Professor Dr.soniagulati during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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LECTURE 8A - Women's Health and Violence - HSS3321 B:...

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