LECTURE 9 - Sociology of Medicine

LECTURE 9 - Sociology of Medicine - Sociology of Medicine:...

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Sociology of Medicine: Historical and Contemporary Reflections on the Social Construction of Medical Knowledge & Practice *Information is taken from Chapter 9 & 10 in Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada (2008) by J. N. Clarke (and from other sources where indicated) *Original Presentations Developed by: Professors Miriam Levitt & Gaetan Girard Current Lecture Adapted/Developed by Professor: Dr. Sonia Gulati
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Information is taken from Chapter 9 & 10: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Topics to be Covered Exploring the area of ‘Sociology of Medicine’ Sociology of Medical Knowledge (Chapter 9) Current Medical System (Chapter 10) Examine the ways that medical practitioners and scientists define illness and sickness as disease, and how this influences the organization of medical services Analyze how medical knowledge is related to the historical, social, cultural, and structural backgrounds of physicians and research scientists, as well as the social organization of which they are a part
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Information is taken from Chapter 9 & 10: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 To examine: (Part 1) - How medical practice and scientific knowledge are determined, created, and constructed by social conditions - Modern and Western medical model of disease - Cultural understandings of medical science and practice - Acceptance and rejection of medical knowledge - Doctor-patient communication To examine: (Part 2) - Medicine as a treatment for illness - Hippocrates - How medicalization parallels secularization - Critiques of medicalization and de-medicalization as a cultural, socio-economic, philosophical, and technological system - The contemporary physician as moral entrepreneur - The medical definitions of reality
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Recall: Sociology of Medicine Sociology of Medicine seeks to describe and explain how medical systems are organized, structured, and financed; and the occupational roles of healthcare providers such as doctors and nurses (Clarke, p. 4) Examples of topics within Sociology of Medicine: – Organization of the medical care system – Profession of medicine – Alternative health-care providers – Financing of medical care – Medico-industrial complex – Health-promotion industry – Medical discourse and ideology – Occupational worlds of the doctor, nurse, and allied health professionals Information is taken from: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008
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PART 1: SOCIOLOGY OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE, MEDICAL SCIENCE & MEDICAL PRACTICE
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Medical knowledge is: - Based on science, but is also… - Influenced by cultural and social factors Medical practice is based on this socially constructed science and is influenced by other social forces: - Social characteristics of the medical care labour force - Socio-economic backgrounds of members of the health- care labour force Sociology of Medical Knowledge Information is taken from Chapter 9 & 10: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2011 for the course HSS 3321 B taught by Professor Dr.soniagulati during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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LECTURE 9 - Sociology of Medicine - Sociology of Medicine:...

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