8-Small Group Communication-W2011

8-Small Group Communication-W2011 - Small Group...

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Small Group Communication
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Small Group Communication Interdependent relationship among three or more individuals “Connects members to one another and enables them to work interdependently” (Northouse & Northouse, 1998 p. 195). Groups can occur in different contexts: hospital, community clinic, long-term care facility, seniors’ residences, community centre, meals-on-wheels, etc.
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Small vs. Large Groups Small groups : close relationships full participation shared goals Large groups : greater pool of talent and experience available for solving problems shared the effort (strength in numbers)
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Optimum Number for Effectiveness Most theorists, researchers, and practitioners agree that five to seven members is the optimum for small groups. : analyzing group communication, content receives more attention process is usually what determines whether a group works effectively or not
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Types of Groups Northouse and Northouse (1998) categorize groups on a continuum of task and process.
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Task groups : set up to accomplish a task e.g. board of a hospital or community health centre Process groups : focus on relationships ; on members and how they relate to each other e.g. inpatient group in psychiatry Mid-range groups : task + process Types of Groups
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Factors Which Influence Small Groups 1) Goals 2) Norms 3) Cohesiveness 4) Leader Behaviour 5) Member Behaviour/Roles
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8-Small Group Communication-W2011 - Small Group...

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