80%(15)12 out of 15 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 16 pages.
Alzheimer’s Disease76-year-old Iranian MaleBACKGROUNDMr. Akkad is a 76 year old Iranian male who is brought to your office by his eldest son for “strange behavior.” Mr. Akkad was seen by his family physician who ruled out any organic basis for Mr. Akkad’s behavior. All laboratory and diagnostic imaging tests (including CT-scan of the head) were normal.According to his son, he has been demonstrating some strange thoughts and behaviors for the past two years, but things seem to be getting worse. Per the client’s son, the family noticed that Mr. Akkad’s personality began to change a few years ago. He began to lose interest in religious activitieswith the family and became more “critical” of everyone. They also noticed that things he used to takeseriously had become a source of “amusement” and “ridicule.”
Over the course of the past two years, the family has noticed that Mr. Akkad has been forgetting things. His son also reports that sometimes he has difficult “finding the right words” in a conversationand then will shift to an entirely different line of conversation.SUBJECTIVEDuring the clinical interview, Mr. Akkad is pleasant, cooperative and seems to enjoy speaking with you. You notice some confabulation during various aspects of memory testing, so the PMHNP performs a Mini-Mental State Exam. Mr. Akkad scores 18 out of 30 with primary deficits in orientation, registration, attention & calculation, and recall. The score suggests moderate dementia.MENTAL STATUS EXAMMr. Akkad is 76 year old Iranian male who is cooperative with today’s clinical interview. His eye contact is poor. Speech is clear, coherent, but tangential at times. He makes no unusual motor movements and demonstrates no tic. Self-reported mood is euthymic. Affect however is restricted. He denies visual or auditory hallucinations. No delusional or paranoid thought processes noted. He is alert and oriented to person, partially oriented to place, but is disoriented to time and event [he reports that he thought he was coming to lunch but “wound up here”- referring to your office, at which point he begins to laugh]. Insight and judgment are impaired. Impulse control is also impaired as evidenced by Mr. Akkad’s standing up during the clinical interview and walking towards the door. When the PMHNP asked where he was going, he stated that he did not know. Mr. Akkad denies suicidal or homicidal ideation.Diagnosis: Major neurocognitive disorder due to Alzheimer’s disease (presumptive)
Decision Point One: Begin Aricept (donepezil) 5 mg orally at BEDTIMERESULTS OF DECISION POINT ONEClient returns to clinic in four weeksThe client is accompanied by his son who reports that his father is “no better” from this medicationHe reports that his father is still disinterested in attending religious services/activities, and continues to exhibit disinhibited behaviorsYou continue to note confabulation and decide to administer the MMSE again. Mr.