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ADHD - ADHD-Mental Illness 1 ADHD Mental Illness Kimberli...

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ADHD-Mental Illness 1 ADHD Mental Illness Kimberli Preister Axia College May 1, 2011
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ADHD-Mental Illness 2 Mental illness in children has reached academic, social developmental and physical consequences. Some of the complications of childhood onset mental illness include learning delays with school failure, low self- esteem, impaired relationships with family and friends, and social rejection and withdrawal. This paper will focus on the background, myths, signs and symptoms, and what tests are performed to diagnosis Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), which is a form of mental illness within children and adults. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological condition characterized by prominent symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. ADHD is on of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. There are three subtypes of ADHD: 1. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive 2. Predominantly inattentive 3. Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive These are the key behaviors of ADHD. Most children are inattentive, impulsive, and hyperactive, but children with ADHD these behaviors are more severe and occur more often (Nimh.nih.gov). Some myths and misconceptions of ADHD are that all children with ADHD are hyperactive is a myth because some children are inattentive, not hyperactive. Another myth is that ADHD only affects boys that are not true because girls can be diagnosis with ADHD also; the only difference is that girls are not as aggressive as boys with this illness. When it comes to
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ADHD-Mental Illness 3 ADHD the myth regarding children will out grow the illness is also untrue. About 70-80% of children with this disorder continue to have symptoms during their teen years, and about 50% have symptoms into adulthood (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Some people also have a hard time believing that ADHD is a real disorder or that there is a medical cause for many of the disorders symptoms. ADHD is a medical disorder not a condition of the child’s will. A child with ADHD does not choose to misbehave. Children that have ADHD are labeled as bad kids or troublemakers. In order for a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, a child must have symptoms for six months or longer to the degree that is greater than other children of the same age. Children that have symptoms of inattention may be easily distracted, miss details, forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another.
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