Chapter 1 notes

Chapter 1 notes - Chapter 1 Introduction to Developmental...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1: Introduction to Developmental Psychology/Research Strategies Some definitions – Development = systematic (orderly, patterned, relatively enduring) continuities/changes in the individual that occur between conception and death. 2 fundamental processes underlie development: - Maturation: biological unfolding of individual according to species- typical biological inheritance and individual’s personal biological inheritance. - Learning: process through which experiences produce relatively permanent changes in our behaviors; i.e. change in response to the environment. Normative development: changes that characterize most/all members of a species; typical patterns of behavior. Ideographic development: individual variations in the rate, extent, or duration of development. Developmentalist goals: description, explanation, and optimization. Observations about the character of development – 1. It is a continual and cumulative process 2. It is a holistic process (interrelationships between physical, cognitive, social aspects) 3. It is marked by plasticity: the capacity for change in response to experiences 4. It may depend on historical/cultural context
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Research methods Scientifically useful measures must have: - Reliability: consistent results over time and across observers - Validity: accurately reflects what researchers intended to measure. Theory: set of concepts + propositions designed to organize, describe and explain an existing set of observations. Must be parsimonious, falsifiable, and have heuristic value (open to be experienced by others). Gathering data – A. Self-report methodologies: - Interviews and questionnaires ; e.g. Fuligni and Pedersen’s self- report study on adolescent’s sense of family duty in the US. - Diary study ; questionnaire answered over period of time, e.g. daily. - Clinical method : similar to interview method, but the investigators’ successive questions depend on subjects’ responses.
Background image of page 2
o Jean Piaget relied extensively on the clinical method to study children’s moral reasoning and intellectual development. o
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 7

Chapter 1 notes - Chapter 1 Introduction to Developmental...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online