Chapter 11_Organizing - Three Parts of a Speech Three Tell...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Three Parts of a Speech Three Tell ‘em what you’re going to tell ‘em (The Introduction) * Tell ‘em (The Body) * Tell ‘em what you’ve told ‘em (The Conclusion) (From David Greenberg’s Simply Speaking, motivational speech) Steps in Preparing Your Speech Steps Select and narrow your topic. Brainstorm! 2. Determine your purpose. 1. a. General: the broad purpose of the speech, a. typically to inform, persuade or entertain typically b. Specific: Narrowing your focus to what you b. can accomplish in your presentation (sets up the central idea) the Develop your central idea. 2. Generate, prepare and organize your main Generate, ideas. ideas. 1. Main Ideas Main “the major points developed in the body of the a speech” speech” Form the skeleton of you speech Select, arrange & phrase your main points strategically points Finding Main Ideas Finding Mindmapping: generates ideas by Mindmapping: determining relationships between them. determining Sorting: uses note cards so that you may Sorting: re-stack and re-group ideas together. re-stack Strategic Arrangement of Main Points of Chronological Order (time or sequence) Topical Order (divide the topic into logical Topical parts) parts) Spatial Order (location or position of ideas) Causal Order (cause-effect relationship) Problem-Solution Order Problem-Solution Supporting Materials Supporting Main points are assertions—you need to Main develop these assertions with research, or develop supporting materials: the materials used the to support a speaker’s ideas. to Examples Statistics Testimony Testimony Supporting materials emerge as “sub- points” and “sub-sub-points” Organizing Supporting Material Organizing Primacy or Recency Specificity Specificity Complexity Soft to Hard Evidence Finding Flow Finding Connectives: words or phrases that connect Connectives: your ideas together and indicate how they are related to each other. Strengthen organization in the body of the Strengthen speech speech Help make the speech unified & coherent Connectives: Previews Connectives: Initial Preview- First statement of the main ideas; occurs in the introduction near the central idea central Internal Preview- Let the audience know Let what the speaker will say next; often useful to replace transition between introduction and first main point of speech introduction Connectives: Summaries Connectives: Internal Summaries- Remind listeners of what they have just heard; Especially useful when a speaker finishes a complex or important point; Clarify and reinforce the speaker’s ideas speaker’s Final Summary- a recap of ALL of the main points; occurs in the conclusion with the restating of the central idea restating Connectives: Transitions Connectives: Transitions- a word, phrase or nonverbal cue that indicates movement from one idea to the next indicates Verbal Transitions- a word or phrase that indicates the relationship between the two ideas. (Besides that; Now we will turn; In addition to…) Now Nonverbal Transitions- Facial expression, vocal cue, or physical movement that indicates a speaker is moving from one idea to the next moving Beginning & Ending the Speech the Five Purposes of an Introduction Five Attention-Getter Relate to Audience Relate Establish Credibility/Ethos State Central Idea/Introduce the topic Preview Main Points Four Purposes of a Conclusion Four Signal that the speech is coming to an end (Review your main points) Restate the central idea (Refer back to the introduction) Motivate the audience to respond Provide closure Provide (End with impact) (End Outlining Outlining Preparation Outline Preparation “A detailed, full-sentence outline detailed, full-sentence developed during the process of speech preparation that includes the title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, sub-points, connectives, conclusion, and bibliography of the speech.” speech.” Use consistent symbols in pairs Use consistent symbols in pairs I. A. B. 1. 2. a. b. II. The Bibliography The Alphabetical order Do not label or number the articles Follow APA, MLA, etc All sources cited or consulted, as well as All visual aids, should be included visual If you fail to turn in the bibliography, If the speech grade is zero. the The Delivery Outline The aka: “Speaking Outline” A brief outline using key words only Used to jog the speaker’s memory and to Used keep him or her organized Gives delivery cues Highlight supportive materials or signposts Highlight FIVE note cards or one-page of paper, FIVE front side of either of these materials only front Extemporaneous Speaking Extemporaneous “a carefully prepared and rehearsed carefully speech that is presented from a brief set of notes” set ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online