Final Test BPM - RISE IN BLACK POLITICAL POWER Transition...

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RISE IN BLACK POLITICAL POWER Transition from protest to Politics Understood that at some point blacks had to take control of political apparatus By 1967 blacks realize most powerful political position is mayor : allows you directly impact people’s lives in an instant; allows for direct contact w/ constituents o *Obama as Senator: Daily had been mayor forever and didn’t want to lose his position. Therefore he ran Obama out of Chicago by giving him US Senator to president* o How Obama got most of the votes Demographic shift 1960s majority of cities Black folks become really powerful White disinterest White people lost interest in what goes on in the Miami Hayfen Day County Early 60s trying to create a metropolitan form of government It combines everything together and allows them to control everything that goes on in the city How blacks gained political power 1. Changing demographics (white flight) Demographic shift – blacks in the hood – black vote becomes very powerful 2. White disinterest Miami-Day County: whites trying to create a metropolitan form of gov’t; dilutes black political potential by allowing people in suburbs to control what goes on in the city 3. Renewal of political consciousness Cleveland first place this was realized: ’67 black man was elected for mayor (Carl Stokes) From the hood, determined, active during civil rights movement, attorney 1. could operate & connect at all different levels, 2. charisma 3. seen as insurance policy against blacks going crazy i. meaning, if he was a black person in office, black people may not riot (will have somebody that is sympathetic) Were able to elect him because: Lincoln lost credibility in the hood Stokes could operate on all levels Attorney From the hood He would leave his law firm for the mayorship
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When blacks run for office they’re expected to acknowledge decades of discrimination When black people come into office people have unreal expectations of them – everyone is expecting for one person to deal with decades upon decades of mistreatment what black mayors wanted to do when the got to office 1. get blacks jobs (realized mayors control jobs) 2. get black business owners city contracts (ATL airport create hundreds of millionares b/c of the contracts) this was important because it lets companies expand many black mayors say have 30-40% of their workforce has to be black 3. adjust police brutality
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promotion tests dealt with rules and regulations black power books needed to be read; if they wanted to be promoted if you’re going to serve in a majority black city you need to know the community getting blacks on the police force by changing location of testing areas 4. housing scattered sight public housing: removing multi-unit housing, sky-high projects – spread out public housing no longer concentrated
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Final Test BPM - RISE IN BLACK POLITICAL POWER Transition...

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