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Chapter 2 - MP changes

Chapter 2 - MP changes - Chapter 2 Applying the...

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Chapter 2 Applying the Sociological Imagination to Health, Illness, and the Body This chapter’s objective is to present the five major theoretical perspectives that underpin health, illness, and the body. Learning Objectives Five major theoretical paradigms: o Structural functionalism explains the biomedical perspective to health in relation to the “sick role o The conflict approach examines health as an outcome of social inequality and capitalism o Symbolic interactionism focuses on the individual experiences of health and illness. o The feminist perspective focuses on the gender differences in health illness explained through patriarchy o Sociology of the body (“embodied cultural facts”) draws on the circular relationship between the body and society that shape health behavior To effectively study health and wellness, multiple theoretical perspectives must be examined. Summary Chapter 2 presents the five theoretical paradigms that shape medical sociology, sociology of health, illness, and the body. In addition to the three dominant frameworks — structural functionalism, conflict, and symbolic interactionism — the chapter also discusses two addition paradigms relevant to the sociology of health: feminism and the sociology of the body. Structural functionalism , a theoretical perspective based on the writings of Emile Durkheim and popular in the 1950s and 60s, explains society as a web of institutions, such as family, education, political, and health care systems, 1
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functioning together to maintain harmony and good order. Institutions and social roles are interconnected and shape human behavior. Structuralism functionalism was the dominant theoretical paradigm in medical sociology. As illness was viewed as threatening a well-functioning social system, it needed to be managed by the medical profession so that order would be restored. Thus, health and illness were viewed as social roles: health the
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