2 Com notes - Principals of Verbal Communication 1 Words...

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Principals of Verbal Communication 1.) Words are symbols that rep reality - rely on symbol to rep objects and thoughts - remember: language triangle (reference, symbol, and thought) symbol - the words (P.E.N.) reference - what you think of when you see a pen thought - what is the connection? *Football vs. Baseball Clip- George Carlin 2.) Words are arbitrary - no intrinsic connection b/t the referent and the symbol “There is nothing “pen” about a pen. But we have decided upon that it is a pen. A pen could be a pencil, because there are no intrinsic connection and arbitrary - if enough ppl agree to a word or symbol, it becomes a word. Ex.) Googling is now a verb. - our language has evolved through time. It changes as people change 3.) Words have denotative and connotative meaning of words - While we each have our own personal definitions, there is a Denotative Definition - dictionary definition (we all agree to) - Connotative - Personal, subjective meaning emerge from personal experience 4.) Meanings are within people, not the words - meaning is how individuals INTERPRET information language is both ambiguous (meaning for words are not all unified; we all have slightly diff interpretations) and subjective (different interactions with diff people) 5.) Words are contextually bound - meaning comes from the situation they are used 6.) Words are culturally bound - vary based on the relationships between people - words around the world tell us diff things about our cultures - England vs. American words 7) Words communicate concrete or abstract meaning - Concrete : can experience the referent with one of our five senses. - Abstract : cannot experience that referent with our senses. -your goal is to match a picture from your head to a picture in anothers head. 8) Communication is rule based….
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-Regulative rules - guide when, how, where to communicate. - Constitutive rules- what process of communication means or stands for? What are you trying to convey? Ex. Reach Video- you don’t sing and dance in class (regulative). Teacher may have thought it was disrespectful (constitutive). Words are Powerful Words create reality: 1. Defines -tells others how to think or feel about something - Loaded language - encourages extreme perceptions. (the terms geezer and old fogey incline us to regard older people with pity or contempt) - Reappropriation - Reclaiming previously degrading term as a process of liberating it from its negative connotation. Ex. “you’re a tough bitch”…term of empowerment. Ex. David Sedaris clip (“faggots”) 2. Evaluates -language is not neutral, they often have value judgments associated with them. 1. Organizes -Creates categories 2. Defines relationships - Responsiveness : the interest we show others based on the feedback we provide them. ex. A teddy bear has very low responsiveness… - Liking : how we express the enjoyment of another’s company.
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