Com 143 Final Review

Com 143 Final - Com 143 Final CH 6(17 questions 1 How did film go from the novelty stage to the mass medium stage Pg 191-Occurred with the intro of

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CH. 6 (17 questions) 1. How did film go from the novelty stage to the mass medium stage? Pg 191 -Occurred with the intro of narrative films (movies that tell stories). People didn’t want to see static films of waves breaking on beaches. To become a mass medium, the early silent films had to offer what books achieved: the suspension of dibelief. They needed to engage the audience. Edwin Porter was 1 st American filmmaker to shoot a narrative. - Nickelodeons (a form of a movie theatre, usually these small and uncomfortable makeshift theatres were often converted storefronts redecorated to mimic vaudville theatres). Showed silent films that transcended language barriers so they were popular with European immigrants. Helped them learn English and served as an inexpensive escape from daily struggles. Often managed by immigrants. 5. Why did Thomas Edison and the Patents Trust fail to shape and control the film industry, and why did Adolph Zukor of Paramount succeed? Pg 192 -The Trust pooled patents in an effort to control films major technology, acquired most major film distributorships, and signed an exclusive deal with George Eastman who agreed to supply movie film only to Trust approved companies. -Some independent producers refused to bow to the Trusts terms. There was too much demand for films, too much $ to be made and too many ways to avoid the Trust’s scrutiny. Producers began to move from where the Trusts headquarters were in New Jersey. Hollywood became the film capital because it offered cheap labor, diverse outdoor scenery for shooting, and warm climate for year round shooting. -Zukors early companies figured out ways to bypass the Trust. He developed other tactics for controlling the industry. Instead of just monopolizing patents and technology, he focused on dominating the movie business at 3 levels. Production, distribution, and exhibition. This is called vertical integration (this type of control gave certain studios great power and eventually spawned a film industry that turned into an oligopoly, a situation in which a few firms control the bulk of the business). -Production: everything involved in making a movie from securing a script and actors to raising money and filming. -Distribution: getting the films into theatres. -Exhibition: playing the films in theatres. 9. Why are documentaries an important alternative to traditional Hollywood filmmaking? What contributions have they made to the film industry? Pg 202 -A genre that interprets reality by recording real ppl and real settings. Opposite of high gloss Hollywood features, the cameras went to places it never could before. The filming had a rough, grainy look and shaky handheld camera work. One of the biggest contributions is their willingness to tackle controversial or unpopular subject matter. Indies (independently produced films) has a shoestring budget and show their movies at
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This note was uploaded on 12/19/2011 for the course COM 143 taught by Professor Becker during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Com 143 Final - Com 143 Final CH 6(17 questions 1 How did film go from the novelty stage to the mass medium stage Pg 191-Occurred with the intro of

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