IMG_0006 - PhYsiologY Exam 2 CCL(to classification of...

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PhYsiologY Exam 2, CCL Muscles (motor units-end), Blood & Immunity, Nelous (to classification of neurons) 60 MultiPle choice questions Muscles 1. Aerobic respiration ';:in*?:::::::l:jj#,i::::::::::1vi::::::iii*+a:::a:.'$k a:::.'43fi:::'::!3#a:::::i:.:l&':::'-:'':::1 =' , Aerobii ResPiration : Blood ) Glucose I GlYcolYsis (sugar is sPlit) + PYruvic Acid I tOz ...a.:=.:;a::ti=:::::1;itt::::a:l:it -::::*{.ta=...:ii::. A:erobiaPrfh1ryaY + 36 ATP ' Light exercise, Prolonged . Glucose . GlycolYsis ' Oxygen (Hb or Mb) ' Mitochondria ' OxidativePhosPhorYlation ' Many stePs ' Slow ' Produces 36 ATP 2. Anaerobic respiration o Short term, vigorous exercise ' Oxygen in deficit o Lactate is the end Product o Lactic acid washed away and recycled . OnlY 2 ATP Produced o Huge amounts of glucose used o Lactic acid causes fatigue and soreness Vigorous muscle contraction eventually causes the bulging muscles to compress the vessels. Therefore, oxygen and glucose delivery becomes impaired and this pathway no longer provides ATP
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3. Characteristics of cardiac muscle cells 4. Characteristics of red and white muscle fibers Red Fibers ' Dark meat: ducks muscle that are in fatigue resistant ' Slow but high endurance,constant use ' MYoglobin: redish color ' HighlY vascularized ' A lot of mitochondria ' Aerobic ' FattY acids White Fibers ' Large pale cell/fast twitch fibers(turkey) ' Light meat(breast meat) ' Sudden burst of power, fast, intense movement ' Few mitochondria ' Anaerobic ' Little mYoglobine ' OxYgen indePendent 5. Characteristics of smooth muscle cells 6. Creatine PhosPhate reaction 7. Difference betrveen strong and weak muscle contraction 8. Energy source 1br normal exercise 9. Examples of fast twitching muscles: eye muscle(pupils) 10.
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