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5 Athenian Slavery 2.27.08

5 Athenian Slavery 2.27.08 - Lecture 2.27.08 The School of...

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Lecture 2.27.08 The School of Slavery I. Odysseus and His Slaves a. Eumaeus and Philoetius i. “Here I sit, my heart aching, broken for him, my master, my great king—fattening up his own hogs for other men to eat, while he, starving for food, I wager, wanders the earth, (Od. 14 44-47 Fagles)” 1. Ody lives on in Eumaeus’ mind as a gentle and loyal master. 2. Philoetius has thought about taking Ody’s cattle and running off with them and not feeding them to the suitors. But he doesn’t because he loves Telemachus (his young master) too much. ii. There is a deep loyalty, reciprocated from Ody’s side. Criticism he made when he visits Laertes, his father. b. The neglect of Laertes i. Ody presents himself as a traveler, out on his farm. He taunts his father for his raggedy clothes and bad clothing… he talks to his dad as though 1. Enough to be stopped with age but look how squalid you are… ii. The owner has recompense for the slaves in exchange for the slave’s loyalty. iii. Slaves are loyal recompense; master takes care of the slave. 1. Food, clothing, and shelter from the master. c. Deterrence of Disloyalty
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i. Philoetius doesn’t take off with Ody’s cattle. He did want to, not because of his freedom and wealth, but because he wants to protect it from the suitors. He wants to protect his master’s wealth. ii. The faithless maids who have sex with suitors. Melanthius, the goat herd actually was rude to Ody.
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