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Unformatted text preview: T he spheres rotated because that was their natural motion. It was proper, Ptolemy believed, to attribute uniform circular motion to the planets because disorder and nonuniformity were alien to divine things. The study of astronomy, dealing with divine things, was especially useful for elevating the human soul. With regard to virtuous conduct in practical actions and character, this science, above all things, could make men see clearly; from the constance, order, symmetry, and calm which are associated with the divine, it makes its followers lovers of this divine beauty, accustoming them and reforming their natures, as it were, to a similar spiritual state. —Ptolemy As the Roman Empire fell and civilization in Europe collapsed, the rising Islamic civilization rescued Ptolemy's cosmology — and improved upon it. The entire system was transmitted back to the rescued Ptolemy's cosmology — and improved upon it....
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2011 for the course AST AST1002 taught by Professor Emilyhoward during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10