Deep models - [56] However it has major difficulties; it...

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Deep models The deep model was first proposed by Busse in 1976. [54] [55] His model was based on another well- known feature of fluid mechanics, the Taylor–Proudman theorem . It holds that in any fast- rotating barotropic ideal liquid, the flows are organized in a series of cylinders parallel to the rotational axis. The conditions of the theorem are probably met in the fluid Jovian interior. Therefore the planet's molecular hydrogen mantle may be divided into a number of cylinders, each cylinder having a circulation independent of the others. [56] Those latitudes where the cylinders' outer and inner boundaries intersect with the visible surface of the planet correspond to the jets; the cylinders themselves are observed as zones and belts. Thermal image of Jupiter obtained by NASA Infrared Telescope Facility The deep model easily explains the strong prograde jet observed at the equator of Jupiter; the jets it produces are stable and do not obey the 2D stability criterion.
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Unformatted text preview: [56] However it has major difficulties; it produces a very small number of broad jets, and realistic simulations of 3D flows are not possible as of 2008, meaning that the simplified models used to justify deep circulation may fail to catch important aspects of the fluid dynamics within Jupiter. [56] One model published in 2004 successfully reproduced the Jovian band-jet structure. [46] It assumed that the molecular hydrogen mantle is thinner than in all other models; occupying only the outer 10% of Jupiter's radius. In standard models of the Jovian interior, the mantle comprises the outer 2030%. [57] The driving of deep circulation is another problem. In fact, the deep flows can be caused both by shallow forces (moist convection, for instance) or by deep planet-wide convection that transports heat out of the Jovian interior. [48] Which of these mechanisms is more important is not clear yet....
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