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Eclipse Detail1 - another window Below is a sequence of...

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Eclipse Details: Lunar Eclipse Let's explore a little more about lunar and solar eclipses. Remember that an eclipse happens when an object passes through another object's shadow. Any shadow consists of two parts: an umbra which is the region of total shadow and the penumbra which is the outer region of partial shadow. If the Moon were to pass through the Earth's umbra, an observer on the Moon would not be able to see the Sun at all---she would observe a solar eclipse! An observer on the Earth looking at the Moon would see a total lunar eclipse. The Earth's shadow is pretty big compared to the Moon so a total lunar eclipse lasts about 1 hour 45 minutes. If the Moon only passed through the outer part of the shadow (the penumbra), then the observer on the Moon would see the Sun only partially covered up---a partial solar eclipse. The observer on the Earth would see the Moon only partially dimmed---a partial lunar eclipse. Select the image to get information about this image taken by Gordon Garradd (will display in
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Unformatted text preview: another window). Below is a sequence of images from the August 28, 2007 lunar eclipse taken with a digital camera at the highest zoom setting. The dark red-orange color is the color I saw. Click the box to pause the movie. Click the right arrow to play the movie. During a total lunar eclipse you see another interesting effect---the Moon turns a coppery (or bloody) red. The reason why some sunlight reaches the Moon despite the fact that the Moon is in the Earth's umbra is that the sunlight refracts or bends as it passes through the Earth's atmosphere. Dust particles in the Earth's atmosphere remove much of the bluer colors in the sunlight so only the redder colors make it to the Moon. The amount of dust determines the deepness of the red colors. The dust in the air is also why the Sun appears redder at sunset on Earth. The observer on the Moon would see a reddish ring around the Earth even at mid-eclipse!...
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