Active galactic nucleus

Active galactic nucleus - distant objects; their evolution...

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Active galactic nucleus From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia An active galactic nucleus ( AGN ) is a compact region at the centre of a galaxy that has a much higher than normal luminosity over at least some portion, and possibly all, of the electromagnetic spectrum . Such excess emission has been observed in the radio , infrared , optical , ultra-violet , X- ray and gamma ray wavebands. A galaxy hosting an AGN is called an active galaxy . The radiation from AGN is believed to be a result of accretion of mass by the supermassive black hole at the centre of the host galaxy . AGN are the most luminous persistent sources of electromagnetic radiation in the universe, and as such can be used as a means of discovering
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Unformatted text preview: distant objects; their evolution as a function of cosmic time also provides constraints on models of the cosmos . Discovery The issue of the activity of nuclei of galaxies (AGN) was first raised by Soviet-Armenian physicist Prof. Victor Ambartsumian in the early 1950s. Although the idea concerning the activity of galactic nuclei for the first time was accepted very skeptically, after many years, as a result of the pressure of observations (the discovery of quasars, radio outbursts of galaxies, consequences of explosions in nuclei, ejection from nuclei, etc.) it did gain recognition. The concept of AGN now is widely accepted...
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