Formation and migration

Formation and migration - , and later had their atmospheres...

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Formation and migration A simulation showing the outer planets and Kuiper Belt: a) before Jupiter and Saturn reached a 2:1 resonance; b) after inward scattering of Kuiper Belt objects following the orbital shift of Neptune; c) after ejection of scattered Kuiper Belt bodies by Jupiter The formation of the ice giants, Neptune and Uranus, has proven difficult to model precisely. Current models suggest that the matter density in the outer regions of the Solar System was too low to account for the formation of such large bodies from the traditionally accepted method of core accretion , and various hypotheses have been advanced to explain their creation. One is that the ice giants were not created by core accretion but from instabilities within the original protoplanetary disc
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Unformatted text preview: , and later had their atmospheres blasted away by radiation from a nearby massive OB star . [105] An alternative concept is that they formed closer to the Sun, where the matter density was higher, and then subsequently migrated to their current orbits after the removal of the gaseous protoplanetary disc. [106] This hypothesis of migration after formation is currently favoured, due to its ability to better explain the occupancy of the populations of small objects observed in the trans-Neptunian region. [107] The current most widely accepted [108] [109] [110] explanation of the details of this hypothesis is known as the Nice model , which explores the effect of a migrating Neptune and the other giant planets on the structure of the Kuiper belt...
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2011 for the course AST AST1002 taught by Professor Emilyhoward during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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