The Milky Way - Sun in it was carried out by William...

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The Milky Way Actual proof of the Milky Way consisting of many stars came in 1610 when Galileo Galilei used a telescope to study the Milky Way and discovered that it is composed of a huge number of faint stars. [26] In 1750 Thomas Wright , in his An original theory or new hypothesis of the Universe , speculated (correctly) that the galaxy might be a rotating body of a huge number of stars held together by gravitational forces , akin to the solar system but on a much larger scale. The resulting disk of stars can be seen as a band on the sky from our perspective inside the disk. [27] In a treatise in 1755, Immanuel Kant elaborated on Wright's idea about the structure of the Milky Way. The shape of the Milky Way as deduced from star counts by William Herschel in 1785; the solar system was assumed to be near the center. The first attempt to describe the shape of the Milky Way and the position of the
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Unformatted text preview: Sun in it was carried out by William Herschel in 1785 by carefully counting the number of stars in different regions of the sky. He produced a diagram of the shape of the galaxy with the solar system close to the center. [28] Using a refined approach, Kapteyn in 1920 arrived at the picture of a small (diameter about 15 kiloparsecs) ellipsoid galaxy with the Sun close to the center. A different method by Harlow Shapley based on the cataloguing of globular clusters led to a radically different picture: a flat disk with diameter approximately 70 kiloparsecs and the Sun far from the center. [27] Both analyses failed to take into account the absorption of light by interstellar dust present in the galactic plane , but after Robert Julius Trumpler quantified this effect in 1930 by studying open clusters , the present picture of our galaxy, the Milky Way, emerged...
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