A NEW NATION • regionalism resurfaced in the former British colonies, and state sovereignty threatened to undo the gains made by the revolution. • The Second Continental Congress had finally secured unanimous approval from the thirteen colonies in 1781 for the new written constitution, the Articles of Confederation, but the central government had major enforcement problems. • States maintained their sovereignty, and major problems developed with reference to conducting foreign affairs, creation of a sound money system, interstate commerce, and taxing residents • of the individual states. • James Madison concluded that the state legislatures had too much power. • Even though the Articles of Confederation had passed exceedingly farsighted legislation with the passage of the Land Ordinance Act and the Northwest Ordinance, problems with taxation, conducting foreign affairs, and commerce convinced Madison and other colonial leaders that steps had to be taken or the new ship of state was going to sink. • A sense of urgency developed with Shay’s Rebellion in 1786. Consequently, Congress called a meeting
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2011 for the course GLY GLY1100 taught by Professor Jaymuza during the Spring '10 term at Broward College.