Unformatted text preview: The most familiar elephants, other than living ones, are the extinct mastodons and mammoths. Mastodons evolved in Africa, but from Miocene to Pleistocene time they spread over the Northern Hemisphere continents and one genus even reached South America. These large browsing animals died out only a few thousands of years ago. During the Pliocene and Pleistocene, mammoths and living elephants diverged. Most mammoths were no larger than elephants today, but they had the largest tusks of any elephant. In fact, mam¤moth tusks are common enough in Siberia that they have been and continue to be a source of ivory. Until their extinction near the end of the Pleistocene, mammoths lived on all Northern Hemisphere continents as well as in India and Africa....
View Full Document
- Fall '10
- History, Trigraph, Elephant, ivory, Pleist oc ene, probosc