Eonothem Phanerozoic00

Eonothem Phanerozoic00 - 12/19/11 Eonothem Phanerozoic...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/19/11 Eonothem Phanerozoic Middle Paleozoic : Wee 7 Precamb rian : A rch ean , Lectu re M aterials + ch 8 Pro tero o ic: Ed iacara Fau n a, Lectu re M aterials + ch 9 alligat or gar: Lepi o e o e , Cret ac eous t o Rec ent Reading Assignment : Chapt ers 9, and 10 Middle Paleozoic Cont ent s (unit t opic s) Unit (Chapt er) Plan: Ac t ivit ies (t hings you must do) Bac k t o Course Syllabus Visit t his web sit e: UCMP www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html Abilit ies Ac quired (what you learned) Bac k t o Course Plan (weekly sc hedule) t o review t he Hist ory of Lif e of t his int erval of t ime 1/7 12/19/11 Eonothem Phanerozoic C ontents (course topics): Phanero oic Eonothem The Paleo oic Erathem: Lower, Middle and Upper Paleo oic T he Middle Paleozoic Chronst rat igraphic Divisions: Silurian Syst em Devonian Syst em T he Silurian Syst em Biologic al F eat ures: T he Evolut ionary Proc esses of Phanerozoic Biot a; F rom Eukaryot es t o Animalia Lif e rec overed and expanded in aquat ic habit at s (t ext book c h 10, p. 150- 151) Paleoec ology: T ypes of marine environment s (T ext book c h 10, p. 133- 150) Spec t ac ular Reef s of c orals and st romat oporoids Signif ic ant biologic al event s in t he Silurian: New swiming invert ebrat es Marine Predat ors: Ammonoids and F ishes Geologic al f eat ures: Paleogeography Landmasses: Laurent ia and Balt ic a c ollide Paleoent ologic al f eat ures: Divisions of t ime F ossil t ypes: Silurian f aunas T he Invert ebrat e radiat ion: Bivalves Brac hiopoda snails c rinoids t rilobit e T he vert ebrat es: Jawless f ishes earliest jawed f ishes (t ext book, c h 10, p.186- 190) F irst millipedes at t he end of t he Silurian Plant s: Early land plant s (t ext book, c h 13, p.193- 198) T he Devonian Syst em: Age of F ish Biologic al F eat ures: Coral- st rome reef s New swimming invert ebrat es: ammonoids (c ephalopods) T exbook c h 12, p. 182- 186) Animals move ashore: t he amphibians T ikt aalik (t ext book c h 13, p. 198- 204) Geologic al f eat ures: Paleogeography: Paleoent ologic al f eat ures: F aunas: Classif ic at ion of F ishes (t ext book, c h 10, p.186- 190) Jawless f ishes: ost rac oderms F ishes wit h jaws: ac ant hodians sharks and ray- f inned f ishes F ishes wit h lungs Plant s invaded t he land (t ext book c h 13, p. 193- 195; c h. 14, p. 205- 218) Vasc ular plant s Spore plant s Seed plant s Bac k t o Unit Plan Activ ities (things ou must do): www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html 2/7 12/19/11 < Eonothem Phanerozoic R R F :// B C . U . < / / :// . . / / / /C / / / . > > P Abilities Acquired (what ou learned): B : B U P Phanero oic Eonothem The Paleo oic Erathem C D P E P U E P S P S M S S S S S C S E P D S O C M L Phanero oic Eonothem: T E "V .T .T P M , C . ThePaleo oic Erathem: 543 to 248 m a T P E ( ) L P E ". O E 543 , :P .A " " , , , , .A 90% .R , P , .T , , , B , M T P N P Phanero oic, 300 .D ; A .F - , P , , A ' S , .L P . P , www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html .T , , M P .F c oa l , limestone W E 3/7 12/19/11 Eonothem Phanerozoic U S , P . The Middle Paleo oic = Siluarian + Dev onian S stems T M P P : S D .S C Summar of Middle Paleo oic Ev ents: Silurian S stem: 438 408 .F L ( ( ). F 400 W , - ) .B , , S , .T ) ( T C Sil r es, : .I S E (Cooksonia ). H . E .T ' S , .O .T . C , S .N , .I , , . Biological F eatures: T S .I , , , . H .B - , . T , S , N ( .O , , , , . , , ) .T ( ) . I S .W O , .S ( ), . P S , .M C .N .T " , S , S ," www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html , . 4/7 12/19/11 Eonothem Phanerozoic Dev onian S stem: "T he Age of F i he " 408 o 360 m a . De onian pe iod (di ?'n? n) [ke ], f o h pe iod of he Paleo oic e a of geologic ime be een 408 and 360 million ea ago ( ee Geologic T ime c ale, able). I a named (1838) b he geologi Si Rode ic k Impe M c hi on and Adam Sedg ic k f o De on hi e, England, he e he f i in e iga ed oc k f o med d ing he pe iod. T he De onian pe iod a a ime of g ea ec onic ac i i , a La a ia and Gond analand d e c lo e oge he .F i amphibian , ammoni e , f i he ab ndan . F i h and land plan bec ome ab ndan and di e e. F i e apod appea o a d he end of he pe iod. F i amphibian appea . F i ha k , bon f i h, and ammonoid . Man c o al eef , b ac hiopod , c inoid . Ne in ec , like p ing ail , appea ed. Ma e inc ion (345 m a) iped o 30% of all animal f amilie ) p obabl d e o glac ia ion o me eo i e impac . Biological F ea e: B he De onian Pe iod lif e a ell nde a in i c oloni a ion of he land. Bef o e hi ime, he e i no o ganic ac c m la ion in he oil , c a ing he e oil depo i o be a eddi h c olo . T hi i indic a i e of he nde de eloped land c ape, p obabl c oloni ed onl b bac e ial and algal ma . T he ege a ion of he ea l De onian c on i ed p ima il of mall plan , he alle being onl a me e all. B he end of he De onian, f e n , ho e ail and eed plan had al o appea ed, p od c ing he f i ee and he f i fo e in amp a ea . B he beginning of he De onian ea l e e ial ege a ion had beg n o p ead. T he e plan did no ha e oo o lea e like he plan mo c ommon oda , and man had no a c la i e a all. T he p obabl p ead la gel b ege a i e g o h, and did no g o m c h mo e han a f e c en ime e all. T he e plan inc l ded he no e inc o e oph ll and ime oph e . T he ea l f a na li ing among he e plan e e p ima il a h opod : mi e , igono a bid , ingle in ec , and m iapod , ho gh he e ea l f a na a e no ell kno n. In ec appea ed d ing he middle of he em and e e c ommon b he end of he em. Mo e e mall, b a f e g e o i e la ge han he la ge in ec kno n oda . F o il emain inc l de c oc k oac he p o 10 c en ime e (4 inc he ) long and d agonf lie i h ing pan abo 74 c en ime e (29 inc he ) ide. Sc o pion , pide , and c en ipede al o e e among he mo e han 400 pec ie f o nd a f o il emain . Plan : B he Uppe De onian, l c oph e , phenoph e , f e n , and p og mno pe m had e ol ed. Mo of he e plan ha e e oo and lea e , and man a e a he all plan . T he p og mno pe m A c haeop e i a a la ge ee i h e ood. In f ac i i he olde c h ee kno n, and p od c ed ome of he o ld' f i fo e . T hi apid appea anc e of o man plan g o p and g o h f o m ha been c alled he "De onian E plo ion". Along i h hi di e if ic a ion in e e ial ege a ion c e c ame a di e if ic a ion of he a h opod . Al o d ing he De onian, o majo animal g o p c oloni ed he land. T he f i e apod , o landli ing e eb a e , appea ed d ing he De onian, a did he f i e e ial a h opod , inc l ding ingle in ec and he ea lie a ac hnid . In he oc ean , b ac hiopod f lo i hed. C inoid and o he ec hinode m , ab la e and go e c o al , and ammoni e e e al o c ommon. Man ne kind of f i h appea ed. In a m ea , c o al had bec ome he dominan f o m of li e. A lea 700 dif f e en pec ie of b ac hiopod li ed on he oc ean f loo i h lil - like c inoid hic h e e c a e ed e e he e. T he De onian ea e e domina ed b b ac hiopod , c h a he pi if e id , and b ab la e and go e c o al , hic h b il la ge biohe m , o eef , in hallo a e . Enc ing ed algae al o c on ib ed o eef b ilding. In he Lo e De onian, ammonoid appea ed, lea ing la ge lime one depo i f om hei hell . Bi al e , c inoid and bla oid ec hinode m , g ap oli e , and ilobi e ee all p e en , ho gh mo g o p of ilobi e di appea ed b he c lo e of he De onian. www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html 5/7 12/19/11 T Eonothem Phanerozoic D .B D .T .B " -D , , .O M D .T A . .S .T . - E S , , T T M S ", P B P P . L P , C , : P S E :A ,P , ,M L :A B - ,A , ,B , A . ,P ,S , , , . B U P NOT ES ON T HE CLASSIF ICAT ION OF F ISHES ----------------------------------------F , VERT EBRAT ES, . T . K P S C O A C V A 1. M :J .C , -R [H A C P C C . 2. P C , [L :P (S :P (S -P ) ) :C O :B S A F LAT F ISHES, S S -P .D -R C :R :L , www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html - .D - , R . - .D , SALMON, PERCH, -R . , , 6/7 12/19/11 Eonothem Phanerozoic i.e, amphibians t o mammals, sinc e t et rapods are t hought t o have evolved f rom sarc opt erygian f ishes. Most bony f ish belong t o t he ray- f inned group.T here are approximat ely 50 spec ies of jawless f ish, 600 spec ies of c art ilaginous f ish and more t han 30,000 spec ies of bony f ish. T here are approximat ely 70 f ish orders known t o biologist s. C la ificac ion of Plan Kingdom Plant ae Phot osynt het ic eukaryot es Division (=Phylum) Bryophyt a: Liverwort s, mosses, hornwort s- (Devonian- Rec ent ) Divisiion Psilophyt a: small, primit ive vasc ular plant s (Silurian- Rec ent ) Division Lyc opodophyt a: Paleozoic lyc opsids (Devonian t o Rec ent ) Division Sphenophyt a: Horset ails, eg., Carbonif erous Clamit es (Devonian- Rec ent ) Division Pt eridophyt a: F erns (Devonian- Rec ent ) Division Pt eridospermophyt a: Seed f erns (Devonian- Jurassic ) Division Coniderophyt a: Conif ers or c one- bearing gymnosperms (Carbonif erous- Rec ent ) Division Cyc adophyt a: Cydads (T riassic - Rec ent ) Division Ginkophyt a: Maidenhair t ree (T riassic - Rec ent ) Division Angiospermophyt a: F lowering plant as and t rees (Cret ac eous- Rec ent ) Bac k t o Unit Plan www2.fiu.edu/ longoria/gly1101/MiddlePz.html 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/19/2011 for the course HISTORY 1101 taught by Professor Josef.longoria during the Fall '10 term at FIU.

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