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Unformatted text preview: flippers, the rear limbs were lost, and the nostrils migrated to the top of the head. In addition, whales have a large, horizontal tail fluke used for propulsion. For many years, paleontologists had little fossil evidence that bridged the gap between land-dwelling animals and fully aquatic whales. This important transition took place in a part of the world where the fossil record was poorly known. Beginning about 20 years ago, paleontologists have made some remarkable finds that resolved this evolutionary enigma. For instance, the Lower Eocene whale AmbXloceWXV still had limbs capable of support on land, whereas BaViloVaXUXV , a 15 m long Upper Eocene whale, had only tiny, vestigial rear limbs. The latter had teeth similar to those of their ancestors, and its nostrils were on the snout, but it was truly a whale, although differently proportioned from those living now. By Oligocene time, both presently existing whale groups-baleen whales and toothed whales-had evolved....
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This note was uploaded on 12/19/2011 for the course HISTORY 1101 taught by Professor Josef.longoria during the Fall '10 term at FIU.
- Fall '10