Lecture 2 - 1/18/10 Science Philosophy & Fundamental...

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1/18/10 1 Philosophy & Fundamental Concepts or Science, Technology, Ecology, and Ethics Science The Scientific Method What does science do? - It answers questions or solves problems using a specifc method: There are many methods that may be used to answer questions or solve problems. To mention just a few: tea leaf reading, astrology, religion, rolling dice, Aristotle tea leaf reading astrology religion Aristotle dice The Scientific Method Ask a question or identify a problem Hypothesize Predict consequences of hypothesis Test for the consequences Repeat tests Examine alternative hypotheses Choose most successful hypothesis as a Principle or Theory of Science Observations, Feld work, clues, hunches The Scientific Method Ask a question or identiFy a problem Hypothesize Predict consequences of hypothesis Test for the consequences Repeat tests Examine alternative hypotheses Choose most successful hypothesis as a Principle or Theory of Science Question : How can I get a better grade in this class? Observations, Feld work, clues, hunches The Scientific Method Ask a question or identify a problem Hypothesize Predict consequences of hypothesis Test for the consequences Repeat tests Examine alternative hypotheses Choose most successful hypothesis as a Principle or Theory of Science Observations, feld work, clues, hunches Make observations, carry out field work, sort thru clues and hunches, then combine the info to produce a hypothesis . Observe what students with better grades than you are doing Ask your teacher for ideas Maybe follow a hunch
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1/18/10 2 "...I turned my chair toward the fire place and sank into a doze. Again the atoms were flitting before my eyes. Smaller groups now kept modestly in the background. My mind's eye sharpened by repeated visions of a similar sort, now distinguished larger structures of varying forms. Long rows frequently rose together, all in movement, winding and turning like serpents; and see! what was that? One of the serpents seized its own tail and the form whirled mockingly before my eyes. I came awake like a flash of lightning. This time also I spent the remainder of the night working out the consequences of the hypothesis.” - Kekule Chemist Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz Benzene Ring dreams = Induction Start with: H y p o t h e s i s observations clues hunches even dreams End with a hypothesis: Developing your hypothesis from your observations, clues, etc. The Scientific Method Ask a question or identify a problem Hypothesize Predict consequences of hypothesis Test for the consequences Repeat tests Examine alternative hypotheses Choose most successful hypothesis as a Principle or Theory of Science Observations, Feld work, clues, hunches Hypotheses are potential answers to your questions or solutions to your problems. Study more hours
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2011 for the course GEOS 1024 taught by Professor Meschreiber during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Lecture 2 - 1/18/10 Science Philosophy & Fundamental...

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