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Discussion Questions 121-132

Discussion Questions 121-132 - attention and behavior...

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Robby Regan PID: rregan12 09/21/2010 Tuesday 3:30 Honor Code Signature ________________________________ 1. List some of the explanations given for why infants prefer infant-directed speech (IDS) as compared to adult-directed speech (ADS). What do you think of these explanations? Infants prefer infant-directed speech (IDS) as compared to adult –directed speech (ADS) because of a few reasons. Infants are sensitive to acoustic features of adult’s communicative. IDS usually contains exaggerated prosody such as long pauses, slower speaking duration, more repetition, and higher pitch. Most people would agree that infants take more liking to slow and calm voices. 2. How does mother’s use of emotional intent change across the infant’s development? In the early stages of an infant, mothers tend to use a comforting voice. Around 6 months of age, more affection is expressed; later in the first year mothers’ speech is directed town the infants
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Unformatted text preview: attention and behavior, rather than affection. 3. Why might infants attend more to slow speech? Was this effect found in this study? Infants might attend more to slow speech because it is simply more of a positive speech for them. The 18 weeks old responded with more attention when the mother’s used slower speech. Whereas in the 32 week old infant study, they were less attentive to slower speech compared to normal speech. 4. What were the hypotheses of these experiments? Were they confirmed or refuted? One of the hypotheses of these experiments was that infants would take better to mostly slow and high pitch speech. Another hypothesis that infants would pay more attention to speech that seemed positive. The hypotheses were mostly confirmed but varied between the 18 week old infants and the 8 month olds as seen above....
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